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2015





NOWADAYS FASHION AND ADVERTISING PHOTOGRAPHY

(NOWADAYS FASHION AND ADVERTISING PHOTOGRAPHY)

Author(s): Stelian Acea – West University of Timisoara

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: fashion; photography; advertising; glamour; luxury; David La Chapelle

Summary/Abstract: Fashion photography has its special place within photography domain, acting as a reply to the necessity of reflecting femininity towards society. It may seem an easy achievement, but due to its charming character, fashion photography earns the status of one of the most difficult photography genders. Thus, fashion photographers stay at the top of the branch, when it comes about respect, recognition and incomes. Judging from a historical point of view, fashion photography and the so called beauty and glamorous photographs have been considered to be a commercial practice. This is important when establishing that a beauty photography represents an actual commercial approach to sell various products. Glamour photography, on the other hand, has meant creating a special and specific atmosphere to enhance the perfection of the photographed subject which was often associated to movie stars and celebrities.





LIFE AND ART OF CAROL POP DE SZATHMARI

(LIFE AND ART OF CAROL POP DE SZATHMARI)

Author(s): Stelian Acea– West University of Timisoara

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: war; Szatmary; photography

Summary/Abstract: Shortly after photography has been discovered, it was brought to Romania, where it became a genuine hobby for the aristocracy of the time. Not anyone could have practiced photographic art and not anyone could have had the luxury to have an immortalized image on a piece of paper. The Romanian reality has taken later on into consideration the art of photography. Although its discoverers (J. N. Niepce, 1765-1833 and Jaques-Mande Daguerre), had established it in France, it was only in 1842 when the invention was implemented in Brasov, as the first camera is bought in 1840 by the head of Eforie School, Petrache Poenaru, for the St. Sava College. Although it was a foreign property , it must be mentioned the first photographic laboratory at Podul Mogosoaiei in 1843 and later, the second one in 1845, that belonged to I. Pohlmann. It had that the monotone life with its daily pleasures or difficulties to be shocked by wars, so that the adventurous photographers to leave their idyllic home places and portraiture laboratories, in order to reveal to the society the brutal life and death realities in that period. So it starts the glorious epopee of war journalists that were present all over the war theaters, many of them sacrificing they own lives for the noble cause of showing the truth.





CONSTRUCTIVENESS AS MULTIPLICITY OR ARTISTIC PLURALITY

(CONSTRUCTIVENESS AS MULTIPLICITY OR ARTISTIC PLURALITY)

Author(s): Dacian Andoni– West University of Timisoara

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: constructiveness; multiplicity; ground; built

Summary/Abstract: The construction theme, constructed is the experiment to configure for me at the moment as a main concern. Latch occurred around Venice at Torcello where the museum stones showing the passing of Romans through the area had not only their age archaeological but some kind organic structure. I tried an association, a parallel between the multiplicity theory and my painting works representing bricks (adobe). We have shown that the whole bricks (the adobe) of my painting works (multiple) meet the message of one brick (one) assembling into a building. There should be an exploration courage, which I transfer to the construction theme, the creation, starting with the primary material –the ground. This includes also the internal construction theme of the human soul.





SACREDNESS AND ART MODERNITY, PARTICULARS OF ARTISTIC PHENOMENON

(SACREDNESS AND ART MODERNITY, PARTICULARS OF ARTISTIC PHENOMENON)

Author(s): Dacian Andoni– West University of Timisoara

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: sacred art; modern art; Ileana Pintilie; Ion Grigorescu

Summary/Abstract: The term sacred is seen primarily linked to religious art but, on the other hand the modernity can be religious or laic, but the laic modernity is very detached from sacred. In creating an art work of spiritual meanings there is a very interesting direction that includes abstract art that develops a kind of spirituality of art itself through the abstract language of art which he theorizes. Spiritual value is considered above representation of nature. Referring to contemporary is considered sacred art only the art related to religious and church.





THE ORGANIC SYNTHESIS, GRANDIOSE AND AUSTERITY

(THE ORGANIC SYNTHESIS, GRANDIOSE AND AUSTERITY)

Author(s): Dacian Andoni– West University of Timisoara

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: adobe; Francisco de Zurbaran; Odilon Redon

Summary/Abstract: This paper draws a parallel between my painting work and those of Francisco de Zurbaran and Odilon Redon. For Francisco de Zurbaran austere style, dark and gloomy was a characteristic of the first period of his painting. Paintings background is dark and the bright points out forms. It creates a feeling of rough contours and colors are laid in large patches in highly contrasting chiaroscuro. So bricks (adobe) are presented as rough outlines on a dark background. In what concerns Odilon Redon it is about his works «Esprit de la Forêt» and «L'homme-cactus» showing similarities with my work.





MIREASĂ ŞI MIRE ÎNTRE SACRU ŞI PROFAN. PARTITURI COMPLEXE ÎN CEREMONIALUL ŞI RITUALUL NUNŢII

(MIREASĂ ŞI MIRE ÎNTRE SACRU ŞI PROFAN. PARTITURI COMPLEXE ÎN CEREMONIALUL ŞI RITUALUL NUNŢII)

Author(s): Elena Basso-Stănescu – University of Arts and Design – Cluj Napoca

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: Ceremonial; Ritual; Sacru; Simbolic; Iniţiatic; Nuntă; Actanţi; Mediere; Colectivitate; Sărbătoare

Summary/Abstract: Bogat, complex, pitoresc, ceremonialul marital depăşindu- le în amploare şi mai ales în diversitate pe toate celelalte, devine cea mai importantă sărbătoare tradiţională românească, dezvăluind un scenariu extrem de divers, fastuos şi riguros. Nunta este spectacolul cel mai însetat de fast, în care ostentaţia devine o trăsătură dominantă. Succesiunea secvenţelor ritualice deplasează ritul trasformând individul, trecerea dintr-o stare în alta presupunând o modificare biologică iar în plan cultural un proces ritual.În plan social, toate aceste destructurări şi restructurări sunt conţinutul riturilor de trecere, ceremonia nunţii incluzând toate categoriile de rituri: separare, integrare, incorporare. Relaţiile stabilite de noua familie se extind asemenea unei reţele cu foarte multe ochiuri – reţea care conţine rudeniile bazate pe consangvinitate precum şi cele realizate prin alianţă.





NOILE MEDII ȘI CONCEPTE ÎN ARTELE VIZUALE CONTEMPORANE

(NOILE MEDII ȘI CONCEPTE ÎN ARTELE VIZUALE CONTEMPORANE)

Author(s): Andrei Budescu - – University of Arts and Design – Cluj Napoca

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: experiment; fotografie; imagine tehnică; tehnici digitale; reinventare vizuală; 3D

Summary/Abstract: Articolul de faţă își propune să prezinte condiţia în care se află mediile artistice în relaţia lor cu tehnica, conexiunile dintre diferiteleinstrumente vizuale în contextul social-cultural actual, cât și efectele acestor relaţii de parteneriat asupra modelării și transformării ceremoniilor percepţiei vizuale în contextul secvenţelor de civilizaţie. Se aduce în discuţie aportul utilizării cu scop novator ale cercetărilor tehnice, dimensiunile acestora,cât și noile concepţii asupra imaginii și asupra așteptărilor publicului actual, ce au impact asupra diferitelor opţiuni ale imaginii necesare spaţiului/orizontului vizual contemporan.





COPYLEFT ŞI METAFORA REMIXARII ÎN GRAFICĂ

(COPYLEFT ŞI METAFORA REMIXARII ÎN GRAFICĂ)

Author(s): Daniela Chiorean– University of Arts and Design – Cluj Napoca

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: copyleft; remixare; arta interactivă; electrografie; imagine digitală

Summary/Abstract: Suntem martorii unei reciclări a imaginilor trecutului. Revoluţia digitală oferă artei forme şi posibilităţi de exprimare, de manifestare totalmente noi, nerenunţându-se nici un moment la formele de exprimare tradiţionale. În breşa deschisă de fotografie, alte noi mijloace de informare în masă, arta video şi imaginea digitală, au putut să-şi găsească locul. Procedând la o deturnare a termenului copyright în copyleft (adică într-o formă de licenţă liberă, neprotejată), multe dintre lucrările de artă contemporană încearcă să dejoace tradiţionalul drept de autor. Astfel totul devine un uriaş palimpsest, lucrările apărând sub auspiciile unui work in progress. Această zonă a new media, poate fi prezentată sub forma unei metafore, iar această metaforă este cea a remixării.





THE COMPOSITIONAL CONCEPT. LANDMARKS OF THE CONTEMPORARY PHOTOGRAPHIC IMAGE STRUCTURE

(THE COMPOSITIONAL CONCEPT. LANDMARKS OF THE CONTEMPORARY PHOTOGRAPHIC IMAGE STRUCTURE)

Author(s): Adrian Vasile Chira – Technical University of Cluj Napoca

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: Stylistic behavior; semantic polyvalence; compositional structure; photographic assembly; succession; plastic module

Summary/Abstract: Current Art entails, individually, the manifestation of an extremely large stylistic availability, the creator in agreement with plurality, diversity and its (constant) temporal uniqueness, being able to accede to a stylistic configuration to which it resonates, revealing a stylistic behavior. Style has become a way of expressive adequacy to a certain message rather than an intrinsic purpose. As concerns photography, the moment of recording the image implies the encounter of two realities, two concerted universes that genuinely live at the level of the creator’s sensitive inwardness followed by the immortalized objective reality. Gravitationally polarizing underneath the empire of a formal or conceptual reflection, of a semantic adjoin that permits the transgression of common, “visible” aspects, the two worlds governed on one hand by the artistic life experience of the creator and on the other hand by the photographic referent, prove the natural existence of the adherence of the work of art to the author.





FOTOGRAFIA – SCHIMBAREA LA FAŢĂ VERSUS PASĂREA PHOENIX

(FOTOGRAFIA – SCHIMBAREA LA FAŢĂ VERSUS PASĂREA PHOENIX)

Author(s): Dorel Găină - – University of Arts and Design – Cluj Napoca

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: fotografie; imagine vizuală

Summary/Abstract: Fotografia încă este un personaj important care după ce a schimbat revoluţionar paradigma luării în conștiinţă a lumii prin investigare, înregistrare, evaluare și arhivare de întru vizual identitar, asociativ și hibrid, actează fluctuant în chiar poziţionările ei în lumea conștiinţei și existării umane fizice și metafizice. Această fluctuaţie poate fi pusă cu ajutorul metaforei în ilustrare prin apelul la exemplul biblic al Schimbării la Faţă și prin apelul la exemplul mitic al Păsării Phoenix.De asemenea în acest discurs despre fotografie vom semnala capetele de interval ale rolului și rostului actului fotografic în toate reperele lui identitare și conjugate dinspre conceptual, tehnică și expresivitate încercând să milităm pentru jocul de geometrie variabilă al deslușirii și evaluării celor două atitudini considerate a da specificul fotografiei de la genuitatea ei la consecinţele de post-genuitate, respectiv clasificarea ei fie ca fotografie directă, fie ca fotografie modelată.





IMAGINE, IMAGINE VIZUALĂ, IMAGINE FOTOGRAFICĂ

(IMAGINE, IMAGINE VIZUALĂ, IMAGINE FOTOGRAFICĂ)

Author(s): Dorel Găină– University of Arts and Design – Cluj Napoca

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: fotografie; imagine vizuală; imagine

Summary/Abstract: Articolul de faţă aduce în prim plan raporturile pe care pe cale de consecinţă le au stările și secvenţele lumii imaginilor atât în ceea ce privește relaţia acestora cu lumea genuină, respectiv cu aspectele legate de real, realitate, evidenţele realului, în teritoriile legate de primatul explorărilor făcute cu și asupra vizualului, vizibilului, vizualităţii, cât și relaţiile de interacţiune, asemănare, diferenţiere dintre cele trei secvenţe ale lumii imaginilor. Focalizarea asupra legăturii dintre vizual, vizibil și vizualitate ca premisă și pretext de explorare, înregistrare, modelare, prezentare și evaluare a lumii aduce în prim-plan relaţia dintre arătare, termen ce-și are un interval de stare, statut și sens între operarea utilitară și reflecţia conceptuală și relatare, termen ce de asemenea se desfășoară ca stare, statut și sens între operarea utilitară și reflecţia conceptuală.Arătarea ne-am propus să o cercetăm ca aspect și secvenţă legată preponderent și predilect de reprezentarea vizuală (urmă, modelare materială, gest și mimică).Relatarea, la rândul ei, ne-am propus să o cercetăm ca aspect și secvenţă legată de intervalul dintre informare și deslușire aflat sub incidenţa limbajului lingvistic de la verbalitate/oralitate la scriere/text. Dacă relaţia dintre arătare și relatare este specifică întregului areal al imaginii vizuale, imaginea fotografică prin, încă, scurta ei întru-devenire aflată în plin proces de transferuri și transformări în intervalul dintre tehnică, expresivitate, conceptualitate se arată ca un segment/o secvenţă deosebit de interesantă pentru schimburile de paradigmă ale relaţiei dintre arătare și relatare. Suportul documentar și exemplificator adus în favoarea discursului auctorial apelează la instanţe experte din teritoriul teoretic dedicat reflecţiei asupra imaginii, asupra imaginii vizuale și asupra imaginii fotografice cât și la peisajul profesional creat la secţia de Fotografie-Video-Procesare computerizată a imaginii de la Universitatea de Arte și Design, Cluj, peisaj ce de la axul didactic la atelierele de creativitate personală (studenţi, absolvenţi,74cadre didactice) incită, asigură, motivează o specifică întâmplare favorabilă cercetărilor teoretice și aplicaţiilor practice, fie ele desfășurate ca teme de cercetare didactică, fie ele desfășurate ca și activitate individuală specifică atelierului de reflecţie personală și atelierului de creativitate profesională artistică.





GRAPHIC ART – FROM SCHOOL TO THE BIENNIAL EXHIBITIONS

(GRAPHIC ART – FROM SCHOOL TO THE BIENNIAL EXHIBITIONS)

Author(s): Alexandru Jakabházi – West University of Timisoara

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: Graphic art; engraving; school; exhibitions; artistic events; exhibition displays

Summary/Abstract: Graphic artists – particularly engravers, specialize in well-established centres which operate in the spirit of the local area and bring into their works these influences of the technical and spiritual environment in which they were formed. The era of solitude in art has passed, being ended by strong personalities who interact in workshops or in exhibition premises. In this way, an excellent communication environment is created, which does not lead to group adhesions for public success purposes, but ensures quality by stimulating creativity. The term of “graphic art” encompasses various techniques of expression, some with unique nature, others reproducible. So, also the exhibitions are specialized in drawing, engraving and graphic art displays, and generally all graphic artists have access to such events. The willingness to take part in certain exhibition displays influences the undertakings of artists in terms of technique, format and size of the pictures. In certain catalogues, rectangular pictures are at advantage, in other the square-shaped ones, or the monochromatic or polychromatic ones. Artists who regularly take part in such exhibition displays are well aware of these differences and adjust their work in order to create an image of themselves as good as possible in these prints which are published for each event.





TRANSGRESIUNE, CORP ŞI RIT DE TRECERE ÎN ARTA CONTEMPORANĂ

(TRANSGRESIUNE, CORP ŞI RIT DE TRECERE ÎN ARTA CONTEMPORANĂ)

Author(s): Ioana Olahuţ  – University of Arts and Design – Cluj Napoca

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: corp; transgresiune; arta contemporana; Hannah Wilke; Roman Opalka; A.A Bronson; Felix Gonzales Torres

Summary/Abstract: Articolul prezintă demersul artistilor Hannah Wilke, Roman Opalka, A.A Bronson și Felix Gonzales Torres care, prin demersuri asociate artei conceptuale arhivează, transformările corpului datorate înaintării ăn vârstă, consecinţelor bolii sau morţii, și le expun în moduri inedite și controversate, în contextual artei contemporane, guvernată de sintagmele corpul – mediu, viaţa - operă de artă si subiectivitatea-marfă. Acţiunile individuale ale artiștilor ne apar subsumate in esenţă unui efort personal integrator, care face ca aspecte sensibile/dureroase/imanente ale vieţii lor să le devină pe deplin acceptate, pentru ca abia ulterior să fie prezentate drept acte estetice seducătoare. Arta lor merge în paralel cu viaţa (lor) și documentează, supune analizei, prezice și întrupează prefacerile corpului, transgresând odată cu el modurile tradiţionale de reprezentare și incluzând noi imagini în fondul vizual comun al lumii.





TRADITIONAL AND EXPERIMENTAL IN THE HYBRID TECHNIQUES OF ENGRAVING AND PRINTING

(TRADITIONAL AND EXPERIMENTAL IN THE HYBRID TECHNIQUES OF ENGRAVING AND PRINTING)

Author(s): Cristian Opriş  – University of Arts and Design – Cluj Napoca

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: engraving; post-digital; printing; etching; hybrid techniques; CNC router

Summary/Abstract: In an attempt to define the contemporary engraving between traditional and experimental, the term „post-digital” marks the moment of the concrete fusion, within the workshop, of the analog and digital working techniques. The hybrid engraving obtained this way is situated far from any classification based on techniques, media or print, and becomes more interested in the capacity to articulate a powerful and convincing visual discourse, where technique is important, totally under control, but not transformed in a cult or fetish.





DECORATIVE SCULPTURES AND PAINTINGS IN THE POPULAR CREATION FROM THE MARAMURES REGION

(DECORATIVE SCULPTURES AND PAINTINGS IN THE POPULAR CREATION FROM THE MARAMURES REGION)

Author(s): Zoiţa Nicoleta Panciu – National University of Arts George Enescu Iași

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: decorative ornament; popular creation; sculpture; form

Summary/Abstract: Decorative ornamental composition is structured and reflected both in sculpture and painting in a synchronization developed on artistic forms, in a compositional framework in which the artistic form is reflected in a connection of the time beyond the plastic psycho-analysis of the valorizing artist, transmitter in the development of creative ideas.All the ornamental motifs of the creator are a source of interior inspiration and then transposed under various sculptural or pictorial forms in the representation of the work of art. In the present paper I approach this theme to highlight the fundamental ornament of the whole art of Maramures that may be reflected in sculpture, painting, popular creation, weaving etc.





A PHENOMENOLOGY OF RECOMPOSING PIGMENTARY COLOURS

(A PHENOMENOLOGY OF RECOMPOSING PIGMENTARY COLOURS)

Author(s): Andrei-Marius Părăuşanu – West University of Timisoara

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: colour decomposition; trilobed chromatic system; quantitative ratio - visual ratio; colour re-composition; perfect chromatic gray; partial achromatism

Summary/Abstract: This study attempts to explain various phenomena that occur through the combination of certain pigmentary colours. The process of colour re-composition by hue degradation is the result of mixing those pairs of equal purity which are separated either by a primary or by a binary colour. The study also focuses on the combination between the diametrically opposed hues, which does not result in perfect chromatic gray.





JAPANESE DESIGN IN WESTERN FASHION THE THREE JAPANESE DESIGNERS WHO CHANGED THE FASHION WORLD

(JAPANESE DESIGN IN WESTERN FASHION THE THREE JAPANESE DESIGNERS WHO CHANGED THE FASHION WORLD)

Author(s): Anca Pia Rusan  – University of Arts and Design – Cluj Napoca

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: fashion; design; esthetics; wabi-sabi; kimono; shibori; Japanese conceptual art; western; texture; silhouette; monochrome; Issey Miyake; Rei Kawakubo; Yohji Yamamoto

Summary/Abstract: In the next few pages, we intend to sketch the puzzle that defines the creations of the three Japanese designers who changed the western fashion world.Issey Miyake, Rei Kawakubo and Yohji Yamamoto - in the order of their appearance on the Parisian haute-couture scene - are by far the most influential names one can throw on the table when in a meaningful conversation on the subject of Japanese designers who conquered the West.These designers’ creations branded monochrome color pallets, overblown proportions, plaits, asymmetry and unisex styles. They introduced a new way of looking at texture, textiles, tailoring, color, silhouette and self-reflection, which triggered a complete esthetical and functional review of what clothing means. Kawakubo and Yamamoto’s fashion sets at the beginning of the ‘80s have signaled the climax of Japanese design’s impact on the Western esthetics of fashion and clothing, inside a journey that would go on for more than 30 years.





SENZAŢIILE INTERMEDIALE VIZUALE

(SENZAŢIILE INTERMEDIALE VIZUALE)

Author(s): Eugen Savinescu  – University of Arts and Design – Cluj Napoca

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: artă conceptuală; imaginea de sinteză; investigaţie; senzaţiile vizuale; comunicare vizuală

Summary/Abstract: Articolul îşi propune să dezbată aspecte legate de senzaţiile intermediale vizuale a operelor de artă contemporane şi gradul dezvoltarii sociale şi tehnice a acestora. Arta are o mare capacitate de generalizare şi de sugestie, dar aceste virtuţi nu trebuie să-i facă pe unii să creadă că imaginile ei sunt auto-cuprinzătoare.





CONFLUENT INTERPRETATIVE SPEARHEADS IN DUO VOICE-PIANO

Author(s): Silvia Sorina MUNTEANU – Ovidius University of Constanta

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: Duo; piano; voice; lied; chamber genre; musical form; interpretation; performance; artistic personality; musical text; literary text; subtext; approach

Summary/Abstract: The Lied, as a chamber music genre is perhaps the most complex and difficult form of music from both the point of view of the level of emotional involvement as well as of the affectivity level. Interpretation is a resultant fusion not only of literary text with the musical content but also of the merge between the two artistic personalities that form the duo, the pianist and the singer. The whole process from deciphering the musical text and literary meanings up to the final act of interpretation itself has a wellestablished trajectory with precise coordinates and if this process suffers any alteration, shall invalidate the minimum requirements of the standard of performance. Having regard that musical interpretation is an art and a discipline at the same time, of such complexity and with an extremely high standard for effort required, subjects which work in this field and reach a high level of performance are prone to have a very strong will and desire, doubled in conditions of public exposure by a high level of self-discipline. These individuals build the act of interpretation following always as well as the literary text and musical one but also having as a permanent support and guide its own emotional capability. The passing through the personal emotional filters, the vast array of feelings display dictated by the content of written score, the appeal to emotional memory of the interpreter with the exercises for mastering the exteriorization of different degrees of sensibility, are methods extremely effective in building the interpretation act.





THE ARCHITECTURAL FORM OF THE ROMANIAN FOLK SONG

Author(s): Eugen Petre Sandu – Craiova University

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: architectural form; folklore; creation

Summary/Abstract: The result of the process of generating and coordinating the elements of music creation in a homogenous whole is the architectural form. The reality obtained is complex, defined by the interactions between the whole and the parts: means of expression and architectural elements. By applying the principles of construction: repetition, variation, contrast, one can reach the order governing the sound material. For folklore, the variational principle is accompanied by the principle of simultaneity of creation with interpretation, gaining specific notes: variations from one melodic stanza to another, from one performance to another, from one performer to another, expression through variants (updated forms of tradition). The creative process in folklore is open through collective participation and oral transmission: in addition, the function marks the content, in the means of expression and configuration of form elements.





ABOUT LIED… SIGNIFICANCE, SIGN, SIGNIFICANT New valences of the word derived from its fusion with music

(ABOUT LIED… SIGNIFICANCE, SIGN, SIGNIFICANT New valences of the word derived from its fusion with music)

Author(s): Silvia SBÂRCIU - Gheorghe Dima Music Academy Cluj Napoca

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: lied; unspreadable unit; text-music priority; significance; semiosis; sign; significant; representamen; object; poetry versus music

Summary/Abstract: As a poetic-musical phenomenon, the lied is the origin, the seed of all significant lyric-poetic musical forms. The lied might also be the root of the multitude of forms, constructions of the western music from the first appearance of the song lyrics up to the present.The lied itself is a whole formed of words and sounds, sung poetry, a melody connected by words. The question is whether one of the two forms of art or artistic manifestation is a priority or if in the lied the literary and the musical text are structured in an unspreadable unit. The article is an incursion in the universe of sung poetry and brings arguments related to the equal importance of music and poetry in the lied, but especially the importance of the close relation between these two.





THE FIRST ROMANIAN MUSIC PERIODICALS

(THE FIRST ROMANIAN MUSIC PERIODICALS)

Author(s): Pavel ŞOPOV – Craiova University

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: Musicul român; Eco musicale di Romania; Lyra Română; Arta; România musicală; music magazines

Summary/Abstract: Following the model of some publications from countries with a music traditional, after 1861, in the Romanian countries begin to appear a number of exclusively musical publications. The first of these is Musicul român, published by Oprea Dumitrescu, of which only the first two issues are known.On October 4, 1869, a new publication appears in Bucharest, namely: Eco musicale di Romania, followed on December 2, 1879 by the first issue of the “musical and literary” magazine entitled Lyra română.The fourth music publication is the magazine Arta, which is published on September 10, 1883 in Iaşi. Concomitantly, Doina is published in Bucharest.The last of the music publications was România musicală. The magazine’s editors understood the quantitative and qualitative leap made by Romanian music and with it musical publishing.





HISTORICAL MYTHS AND LEGENDS – FUNDAMENTALS OF BULGARIAN FOLK CULTURE

(HISTORICAL MYTHS AND LEGENDS – FUNDAMENTALS OF BULGARIAN FOLK CULTURE)

Author(s): Pavel ŞOPOV – Craiova University

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: Orpheus; Bendis; Dionysus; Kraly Marko; Trifon Zarezan; kukeri; the goddess Lada; dragons; Wolves’ Days; Baba Marta

Summary/Abstract: The Bulgarian people is the result of merging several populations. Slavs settled on Thracian territory in the early part of the sixth century, followed by Proto-Bulgarian population that has completed the formation of the new nation.From the Thracian era, there are many myths and legends like the myth of Orpheus, an excellent harp player, the goddess Bendis, a legendary figure, along with Dionysus, her second son, who was always accompanied by the Maenads. Another Thracian character was the Thracian Horseman, sometimes called Hero or Krali Marko. Trifon Zarezan is the god of vineyards and Nestinarstvo are fire dancers, found in the eastern part of Bulgaria. The Kukeri are masked male dancers and mummers who perform a spring fertility rite.The Slav population established on the territory of Bulgaria has imposed a series of characters, such as the goddess Lada (goddess of love), vampires (characters who live after death), zmey (dragons which are seen as positive characters).Proto-Bulgarians passed down in popular creation multiple events and characters, of which Wolves’ Days and Baba Marta.





INSIGHTS ON INTERPRETING NICCOLO PAGANINI’S WORKS FOR CLASSICAL GUITAR

(INSIGHTS ON INTERPRETING NICCOLO PAGANINI’S WORKS FOR CLASSICAL GUITAR)

Author(s): Cătălin ȘTEFĂNESCU-PĂTRAȘCU – National University of Music Bucharest

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: Niccolo Paganini; Guitar; Performance Practice; Improvisation

Summary/Abstract: Niccolo Paganini, the composer who revolutionized violin playing, was also a passionate guitarist, having created many works for this instrument. The goal of this research is to prove that these compositions, although often times frustratingly simple, can be included in the concert repertoire of modern guitar players alongside musical works of famous composers of the same period, such as Luigi Legnani or Mauro Giuliani, if the interpreter deeply understands their musical essence and takes certain liberties with the musical text, in regard to improvisation, ornamentation and timbral effects.





THE MUSICAL PAST AND THE FORMATION OF THE ITALIAN NATION – “OLD MUSIC” AS A HISTORICAL AND MUSICAL CONSTRUCT 1897-1943

(THE MUSICAL PAST AND THE FORMATION OF THE ITALIAN NATION – “OLD MUSIC” AS A HISTORICAL AND MUSICAL CONSTRUCT 1897-1943)

Author(s): Mauro Fosco BERTOLA – Haidelberg University

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: old music; nation; nationalism; Italy; Vivaldi; Torchi

Summary/Abstract: Taking the example of Italy, the article discusses the close relationship between the “rediscovery” of the musical past and the search for a national identity starting with the late nineteenth century. This connection according to the thesis of the article led to the formation of a true historical and musical construct; that of the so-called “old music”. A very selective review of past eras of music crystallized: past has been rewritten to form the nation. But precisely this bias, strange to us today, of historical and musical literature was the one that made it possible to adapt the discourse about music to the cultural policy problems of the young Italian national state. From liberal Italy until including fascism, the construct functioned continuously without verification. Only when the existing national self-view was obliterated by the moral and political decay of fascism was the historical and musical construct canceled, and the past was released from the too manifest spirit of the nation.





POTENTIAL CULTURAL VISIONS THAT CONFIGURATE THE MASS GENRE

(POTENTIAL CULTURAL VISIONS THAT CONFIGURATE THE MASS GENRE)

Author(s): Ciprian Tutu – Transilvania University Brasov

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: mass; liturgical ritual; styles of music

Summary/Abstract: Considered as the most important and probably oldest religious ritual, the mass1 profiles itself on the axis of the genre continuity in the historical-musical evolution of on the axis of man’s transcendental experience through its two facets. We cannot speak of the musical mass and elude the liturgical mass, of which the former is born and becomes legitimate by intertwining the semantics of sacred texts with musical expressiveness. In this article I wish to highlight a certain type of thinking, of mentality in synthetic examples, reflected in a differentiated manner by the eight cultural epochs or styles of music mentioned: the Middle Ages, Ars antiqua, Ars nova, the Renaissance, Baroque, Classicism, Romanticism and the 20th Century. Both the moments when the sacral comment invokes the presence of the mass, and when it does not, shall be distinguished.





RICHARD STRAUSS’ KRÄMERSPIEGEL SONG CYCLE, A LIVING TESTAMENT TO THE COMPOSER’S STRUGGLE WITH THE PUBLISHING WORLD

(RICHARD STRAUSS’ KRÄMERSPIEGEL SONG CYCLE, A LIVING TESTAMENT TO THE COMPOSER’S STRUGGLE WITH THE PUBLISHING WORLD)

Author(s): Claudia CODREANU - National University of Music Bucharest

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: Richard Strauss; lied; comic; publisher; conflict

Summary/Abstract: In Richard Strauss’ lied creation, the comic is found in only two works: Für fünfzehn Pfenning and Krämerspiegel. The second, which is distinguished by its uniqueness, is a cycle of twelve lieder composed on texts by Alfred Kerr, and is a testament to the author’s struggle with the publishing industry, to strengthen the position of the musician in society and to defend the rights of composers.





ORIGINALITATEA CREAŢIILOR LUI GERARDO JEREZ LE CAM IN PEISAJUL ACTUAL AL MUZICIIDE INFLUENŢA «WORLD-JAZZ» FRANCEZE

(ORIGINALITATEA CREAŢIILOR LUI GERARDO JEREZ LE CAM IN PEISAJUL ACTUAL AL MUZICIIDE INFLUENŢA «WORLD-JAZZ» FRANCEZE)

Author(s): Liliana-Isabela Apostu – Nice University

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: world-jazz; geamapra; tango; creaţii originale; metisaj muzical român-argentin

Summary/Abstract: Peisajul actual al muzicii franceze, ca și cel mondial de altfel, a devenit foarte eteroclit. O tendinţă din ce în ce mai mare spre metisaje de genuri, forme, elemente muzicale (melodice, ritmice, timbrale, etc.) se face simţită în muzica de scenă actuală, muzicienii, (interpreţi-creatori de cele mai multe ori), urmărind realizarea de creaţii originale, care să-i poată distinge de alte grupuri sau de alţi muzicieni. Jerez le Cam cu ansamblurile sale de scenă, reprezintă prin lucrările sale această direcţie creatoare în Franţa, mai ales datorită întâlnirii muzicale cu românul Marian Iacob Măciucă, elementele muzicii folclorice dobrogene îmbinându-se de manieră interesantă cu cele argentiniene, realizată câteodata pe canavasul structural al muzicii savante, dar lăsând loc și improvizaţiei spontane jazzistice.





MUSIC AND THE COLOURS OF LIFE, WITH PAINTER MIHAI ŞERBĂNESCU

(MUSIC AND THE COLOURS OF LIFE, WITH PAINTER MIHAI ŞERBĂNESCU)

Author(s): Eugen Petre Sandu – Craiova University

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: music; painting; creation

Summary/Abstract: a conversation, a challenge about music and painting, with their points of divergence in a syncretic art.





OMAGIERI 2015 ALEKSANDR SKRIABIN

(OMAGIERI 2015 ALEKSANDR SKRIABIN)

Author(s): Veronica Laura Demenescu – West University of Timisoara

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life





LA UNIVERSITATEA “VALAHIA” DIN TÂRGOVIŞTE, SIMPOZIONUL ,,CONFLUENŢE MUZICOLOGICE” ŞI CONCURSUL DE INTERPRETARE VOCALĂ ,,LIEDART”

(LA UNIVERSITATEA “VALAHIA” DIN TÂRGOVIŞTE, SIMPOZIONUL ,,CONFLUENŢE MUZICOLOGICE” ŞI CONCURSUL DE INTERPRETARE VOCALĂ ,,LIEDART”)

Author(s): Sanda Hîrlav Maistorovici – Valahia University of Targoviste

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life





TRANSCENDENŢĂ ŞI REPREZENTARE

(TRANSCENDENŢĂ ŞI REPREZENTARE)

Author(s): Ioana ANTONIU - University of Art and Design, Cluj-Napoca

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: Arhetip; Arta; Religie; Creatie; Izomorfism; Transcendenta

Summary/Abstract: Arhetipurile sunt, în psihologia lui Jung, conţinuturile inconştientului colectiv. Ele constituie coordonatele pe care se dezvoltă psihicul indivizilor şi oferă facultăţile reprezentative şi imagistice care se fac simţite în creaţiile umane începând cu mitologia, religia şi arta, şi terminând cu reprezentările sociale şi politice.





DISPLAY versus CARTE

(DISPLAY versus CARTE)

Author(s): Daniela Chiorean- University of Art and Design, Cluj-Napoca

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: Noile media; internet; carte; display; reţele de socializare

Summary/Abstract: Omul civilizaţiei contemporane este martorul, dar şi subiectul care suportă consecinţele ciocnirii dintre două sisteme culturale gigantice, şi depinde de el, respectiv de conştientizarea acestei situaţii, pentru ca efectele acestei ciocniri să nu fie catastrofale. Deoarece, de această dată, acesta îşi poate asuma responsabilitatea activă pentru generarea unei interacţiuni armonioase între tehnologiile sale, restabilind astfel echilibrul senzoriumului său. Am putea concepe fiinţa umană ca fiind perpetuu implicată într-un proces dialectic de metabolism cultural: îşi exteriorizează simţurile sale sub forma diferitelor tehnologii sau mijloace de comunicare şi le interiorizează apoi în scopul menţinerii echilibrului dintre simţuri. Astfel, instrumentele de lucru transformă lumea şi raportul omului cu lumea. Ecranele nu sunt cărţi, povestirea unui algoritm formal nu mai este cel al naraţiunii discursive.





THE PEDAGOGY OF THE ART HIGH SCHOOL TIMIȘOARA FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF ITS GRADUATES

(THE PEDAGOGY OF THE ART HIGH SCHOOL TIMIȘOARA FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF ITS GRADUATES)

Author(s): Andreea PALADE FLONDOR – West University of Timisoara

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: art; education; experiment; creativity; high-school

Summary/Abstract: The experimental pedagogy of the Art High-School Timișoara is defined through the viewpoints of former learners who have become notable characters in the domain of architecture, design or art. Thus, the art high-school can be defined as a state of mind, generating a way to perceive the world, a lesson of liberty and assumption, a model of communication and collaboration with others in interdisciplinary projects. The exceptionality of this pedagogy has created a break with the educational and social context of the moment. The study is based on a complex documentary material, interviews and correspondence with the former graduates of this high-school.





MUSEUM, A FORM OF COMMUNICATION

(MUSEUM, A FORM OF COMMUNICATION)

Author(s): Laura Teodora GHINEA- University of Art and Design, Cluj-Napoca

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: museum; collections; preservation; restoration; communication; photography

Summary/Abstract: The article presents a chronology of today’s meaning of museum, a form that existed as need and manifestation from the antique until contemporary times. Therefore, there are described the phases and the stages of this institutions by means of the crossed periods, each time stressing upon the essential dimension, that of communication.





POTENTIAL FOR DEVELOPMENT OF THE PLASTIC EXPRESSION IN ABSTRACT ARTISTIC GRAPHICS

(POTENTIAL FOR DEVELOPMENT OF THE PLASTIC EXPRESSION IN ABSTRACT ARTISTIC GRAPHICS)

Author(s): Alexandru Jakabházi - West University of Timisoara

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: Artistic graphics; motive of creation; creativity; European artists; abstract graphics; visual messages

Summary/Abstract: The current artistic graphics has its inexhaustible character, where the final judgments are not possible. The modes of abstract graphics creation are subordinated to the diffuse sensitivity from the reality of the contemporary time and to the dynamics of technical and technological development in the field. Free of any conventions and prejudices, the graphic artist learns to use the unexpected and unplanned effects that occur in a work in progress in order to allow the occurrence of a dialog between him and his creation, interaction which continues as the work progresses. In the current expression, the artists have the possibility to choose from the thirty engraving techniques and their combination, choosing for the technique appropriate to transpose their spiritual concerns in multiplicable material. In order to have a greater optical effect on the viewer, I conceived my drawings modular, with the possibility of their combining in different ample compositions, with high potential of spatial organization.





POST-PARADISE. ASPECTS OF PARADISIACAL IMAGERY IN CONTEMPORARY ART

(POST-PARADISE. ASPECTS OF PARADISIACAL IMAGERY IN CONTEMPORARY ART)

Author(s): Andor KŐMIVES- University of Art and Design, Cluj-Napoca

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: post-paradise; kitsch; infantile;paradise; romantic-vulgar paradise; romantic-sexless paradise; fairylike places; utopia

Summary/Abstract: The present article aims to pin down certain aspects of the imagery related to the idea of Paradise in contemporary art. We live in a disenchanted world devoid of transcendental meaning, a world in which we have built, in our own image, our own kitsch, stupid, vulgar, infantile Paradises. Concepts like Paradise, purity and happiness are tainted by a sugary or trivial aura, making it virtually impossible to address them without raising an ironic smile. Hell and its perspective are so much closer! Contemporary art generously reflects ugliness, pornography, the grotesque, the evil, the absurd etc. - all the attributes of the infernal, as being something quite natural. They no longer scandalize, they are no longer shocking; on the contrary, we admire and savor them, snobbishly.





CARTOGRAPHIC FICTIONS

(CARTOGRAPHIC FICTIONS)

Author(s): Nicolae MAN- University of Art and Design, Cluj-Napoca

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: cartographic representations; geographical imaginary; imaginary map; spatial drawing

Summary/Abstract: This study will reveal the „in concreto” evolution of cartographic representations, of geographical space, that is. This space illustrates the evolution and becoming of what is referred to as the geographical imaginary. The imagining conscience relies on the geographical imaginary to “complete” the empirical sphere and the perceptive conscience, conjuring mythemes and symbols as archetypal images. It is an iconosphere of cartographic representations, wonderfully entwining the “drawing” of a cogito employing geographical knowledge perpetually augmented with mythemes borrowed by an irrepressible geographical imaginary.





IMAGE IN THE PREDIGITAL AGE THE CULTURE OF IMAGE IN THE CYBERNETIC SYSTEM

(IMAGE IN THE PREDIGITAL AGE THE CULTURE OF IMAGE IN THE CYBERNETIC SYSTEM)

Author(s): Eugen MORITZ- University of Art and Design, Cluj-Napoca

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: Cybernetic; image; Art, WEB; pregidital

Summary/Abstract: The digital world, in conceptual meaning, is the result of art, science and technology, evolution, which began in the 19th century and continued into the late twentieth century. From painting to "home page" we have a whole production of technical images, static and moving, that constitutes the artistic thinking in pictures, to our local and global existence. Lodged in a production of images, this image of the technical world destroy the classical forms of knowledge and representation of reality, redefining our reporting from the real world or a virtual (virtual).





THE CONTEMPORARY ARTIST’S RELATIONSHIP WITH THE AUDIENCE

(THE CONTEMPORARY ARTIST’S RELATIONSHIP WITH THE AUDIENCE)

Author(s): Iuliana Nistor –Romanian Academy

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: Artist; Audience; Culture; Industry; Society; Masks; Dialogue; Questions

Summary/Abstract: Overtaken with the tide of social reform, we may think about putting on shows of any nature that could bring about substantial financial gain and we neglect the esthetics of the gift that the artist should impart on the public. In spite of all, in my discussions with spectators, I have talked to people who worry about theatre “ modernism” and who can rarely find quality shows in the performance outline of theatres in Bucharest , for the most part. The majority of theatre-going individuals are well-educated intelligent people who have given their open and honest view on their relationship to art, surprisingly profound ones.The idea that we put on commercial shows to satisfy a demand in the public carries in itself a commercial aim and holds no relevance for the above mentioned spectator category: loyal spectators. The general public, target for many pseudo-festivals of theatre is largely made out of occasional spectators who can rarely step out of the box of television watching and who end up in a theatre hall to have fun, under the influence of these subcultural television shows they watch.If contemporary theatre productions are in competition with television shows, there is a fear that in a few years’ time we could end up seeing culinary or publicity performances put on stage. All because it is said that this would be the demand in the general public.One of the painful conclusions I have come to is that some theatre directors or producers are interested solely in earning as much money as possible, investing as little as possible in actors and spending huge amounts of cash in props while giving life on stage to plays taken from the universal drama pool, many of them of a questionable quality.I would suggest the establishment of a union for the audience in each theatre in the country, where people of varied social categories and ages who are interested in theatre and fond of it could be coopted and62consulted in the choice of repertoire. I would wish the union had at least one member who is a theatre college student, a high-school student member, a scientist, a psychologist and an art-therapist. No theatre professionals, directors, press critics or any people employed in any artistic area of the theatre are to be accepted as members. Also I would wish the union to have a saying in the casting of actors in plays. Castings should not be made behind closed doors, in the director’s office, but in an open audition that gives participants equal chances.The actor-artist comes out on stage to perform a piece, then to go back to being part of the audience, spectator and actor of daily life. Likewise, the spectator is part of the audience present at the theatre, then to become himself an actor on the stage of social life. We play both parts, each and every one of us!“The cultural atmosphere of a country is the spirit that society breathes in. The large public does not carry the necessary discerning ability to choose from the pile that assaults the nobility and beauty of superior art. Triviality and pornography instinctively draw out bad tendencies. In the face of society, the artist is responsible much like the priest is. Much more than so , for the gift bestowed upon him is larger…”





THE DECORATION OF ICONS IN BANAT. THE 18th CENTURY

(THE DECORATION OF ICONS IN BANAT. THE 18th CENTURY)

Author(s): Dorina Sabina PÂRVULESCU – West University of Timisoara

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: decorative motifs; rosette; palmettes; acanthus; aura; incision; stucco work; clothing; throne

Summary/Abstract: By briefly summarising the tradition of icon decorations in Byzantium, the study sketches the evolution of this procedure in the post-Byzantine epoch, while analysing its specific characteristics until the 17th and 18th centuries, in the Balkan area and Romanian provinces, Moldavia, Wallachia, Transylvania and Banat. The last one, a territory defined by some nuanced evolution during the 18th century, as an imperial province within the borders of the Habsburgic Empire, a territory of cultural and spiritual confluences. From the author’s viewpoint, the deciphering of the icons’ ornamentation represents a useful tool in the theoretical and applied research. If applied to the mobile patrimony in Banat, frequently missing the identifying elements, it can provide information regarding the source of the model, it can approximately indicate the dating of some works, by analogy with some others, which were signed, contributing, in the context of formal analysis, to a better comprehension of the evolution of stylistic options chosen by the limited partners and creators during the „Enlightenment” century.





NOUL, FACTORUL DE MASĂ

(NOUL, FACTORUL DE MASĂ)

Author(s): Eugen Savinescu- University of Art and Design, Cluj-Napoca

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: noul; factor de masă; investigaţie; senzaţiile vizuale; proces conceptual; comunicare vizuală

Summary/Abstract: Articolul îşi propune să dezbată aspecte legate de factorul de masă a operelor de artă contemporane şi a noului spaţiu de întâlnire a acestora, a conceptelor vizuale, fiindcă arta contemporană ne oferă ocazia să asistăm la transformări care ne produc largi deschideri spre necunoscut.





OLIMPIADELE ARTISTICE ÎN PERCEPŢIILE STUDIULUI CONTEMPORAN

(OLIMPIADELE ARTISTICE ÎN PERCEPŢIILE STUDIULUI CONTEMPORAN)

Author(s): Hanna-Imola VARI – Babes Bolyai University Cluj Napoca

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: olimpiadă; percepţie; comunicare vizuală şi fizică şi studiu contemporan

Summary/Abstract: Articolul îşi propune să dezbată aspecte legate de olimpiadele artistice în percepţiile studiului contemporan a viziunilor artistice şi sportive care îşi confundă originile, existenţa şi durata cu cele ale societăţilor omeneşti, transformând-o în diferite percepţii vizuale şi fizice.





THE APOSTLE OF THE LEFT HAND

(THE APOSTLE OF THE LEFT HAND)

Author(s): Corina Ibănescu– Transilvania University of Brasov

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: Godowsky; Chopin; left hand; study; piano

Summary/Abstract: The literature for the left hand has a special place in Godowsky’s piano heritage, crowning his creative mastery with his transcriptions of Chopin’s studies. Requiring the most elevated qualities from the virtuoso pianist, they are illustrated by Study no.3 in A minor – first version (op. 10 no. 2) and Study no. 43 in C# minor (op. 25 no. 12). Composer-performer of exceptional value, inspired by Chopin’s studies, the thing that Leopold Godowsky accomplishes with his transcriptions of these for the left hand is to remain in Chopin’s poetic spirit while making a step forward in the development of the piano literature for the left hand.





MEDIUL MODAL ÎN VIZIUNEA LUI ANATOL VIERU. UNELE PRECIZĂRI PE MARGINEA CĂRŢII MODURILOR

(MEDIUL MODAL ÎN VIZIUNEA LUI ANATOL VIERU. UNELE PRECIZĂRI PE MARGINEA CĂRŢII MODURILOR)

Author(s): Laurenţiu Beldean – Transilvania University of Brasov

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: modal; tonal; atonal; din nou modal; simetrie; permutări; tonicalizare

Summary/Abstract: Schiţarea unui plan care să compare îndeaproape argumentul modal al compozitorului Anatol Vieru cu cercetări mai vechi ori recente efectuate în sfera teoriei limbajului muzical poate să edifice un nou câmp de analiză în abordarea structurală a mediului sonor. Trecând stăruitor prin capitolele Cărţii Modurilor aflăm perspectivele pe care teoria le trasează prin inaugurarea unor coerenţe nefamiliare muzicienilor, realizăm forţa ei masivă de modelare. Teoria lui Vieru este asemenea unei mașini de navigaţie „care e mai mare privită din interior decât din exterior”. Studiul de deschidere a Cărţii Modurilor: Modal, tonal, serial și iar modal cuprinde obiectivul teoriei. Aruncând netedul elementarului el transmite un sistem de gândire complet, absorbind atât trecutul cât și prezentul conceptualizărilor muzicologice. Planul expunerii mele pornește cu precizarea unor elemente care intercorelează nucleele teoriei, ajungând – în cele din urmă – și la textura ultimă, la miezul ei.





THE POETIC AND MUSICAL ASPECTS OF OLDEN SONGS

(THE POETIC AND MUSICAL ASPECTS OF OLDEN SONGS)

Author(s): Eugen Petre Sandu – Craiova University

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: ballad/olden song; epic; recitative

Summary/Abstract: The category to which we refer has been researched most often through the literary side, the music often being neglected or even considered inferior. On this line emerges George Călinescu’s opinion in the History of Romanian Literature, chapter “Literary Art in Folklore”, related to the “melodic complement of the ballad”, the critic highlighting the “monotony of the musical part, pleasant however to people” and the “melodic performance… superfluous and tedious”. Therefore, we believe it is necessary to bring to light some particularly important musical aspects.





SIMN 25 la Timișoara

(SIMN 25 la Timișoara)

Author(s): Veronica Laura Demenescu West University of Timisoara

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life





25 DE ANI

(25 DE ANI)

Author(s): Veronica Laura Demenescu West University of Timisoara

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life





DIANE ARBUS. OPEN QUESTIONS FOR AESTHETICS IN PHOTOGRAPHY

(DIANE ARBUS. OPEN QUESTIONS FOR AESTHETICS IN PHOTOGRAPHY)

Author(s): Daria Ioan – Babes Bolyai University, Cluj Napoca

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: oddity; surrealism; photography; wasteland; perception challenge

Summary/Abstract: Considering Diane Arbus’s images as recipients of a provocative display of grotesque, alienated human realities, we analyze in our paper, the growing familiarity with oddity in modern art, as well as its effects in the development of aesthetic perception. Commenting on Arbus's work as a good example of a leading tendency in capitalist countries, Sontag observes that it reduces moral and sensory queasiness, pointing at America as the grave of the Occident. Using these premises, we discuss photography as a means to challenge materialist civilization by presenting it as a freak show, as a deep wasteland.





PAINTING’S NEW TERRITORIES. THE PICTORIAL TAKES OVER

(PAINTING’S NEW TERRITORIES. THE PICTORIAL TAKES OVER)

Author(s): Andor KŐMIVES- University of Art and Design, Cluj-Napoca

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: painting’s new territories; interdisciplinary; transgression; experiment; post-medium; ambient; painted object; installation

Summary/Abstract: The art of today is extremely dynamic; it follows theinterdisciplinary trends that characterize society, while contemporaryartists increasingly feel the need to abandon artistic tradition,transgressing it and combining various techniques and technologies toexplore new possibilities of expression. The present article aims to pindown a few moments that marked the evolution of the 20th century up tothe present moment, examining a few new territories conquered bypainting, which illustrate the pictorial’s manifest tendency to take overspace, from the relief to the painted object and installation. Our interestfocuses on the diversity of the idea of painting in various mediums.





THE EXTENSIONS OF PAINTING AND PHOTOGRAPHY IN TECHNOLOGICAL ARTS

(THE EXTENSIONS OF PAINTING AND PHOTOGRAPHY IN TECHNOLOGICAL ARTS)

Author(s): Eugen MORITZ - - University of Art and Design, Cluj-Napoca

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: painting;photography; arts;technology; digital;

Summary/Abstract: Even if the relationship between art and technologyis not new, the context of the new technologies development, theinvasion of the machineries and diversification of these new meanswhich interpose between man and the real word, makes us wonder ifarts really suffers today a mutation because of the increasinglypenetration of the technologies in artistic production, or, we are dealingwith a simple wince of an evolution began long time ago, in which newtechnologies are inserted, without being able to speak of a radicaltransformation.





LIFE (LOVE) AND DEATH OR EROS AND THANATOS IN THE PAINTING OF HENRY MATISSE AND PABLO PICASSO

(LIFE (LOVE) AND DEATH OR EROS AND THANATOS IN THE PAINTING OF HENRY MATISSE AND PABLO PICASSO)

Author(s): Marcel Gh. Muntean- Babes Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: Eros; Thanatos; Fauvism; Cubism; Matisse; Picasso; Guernica; Luxury; calm and voluptuousness; Massacre in Korea; War and Peace

Summary/Abstract: Themes like life, joy, love and death, the ones of Erosand Thanatos are probably the most representative of the XX-th century,being in fact a leitmotif for the entire European creation and not only.Personality of the modern French art, Henry Matisse (1869-1954)brought into his art the conciliation between the flat tint and thesuggestion of the volume, between the space and transfiguration of thelight- color, being different from the one known by the Renaissanceartists as a vehicle of brightness in relation to the shadow.Pablo Picasso (1881-1973) exponent and promoter of Cubismalong with George Braque, will paint passionately a series of paintingsinspired by the global drama of humanity, for example: Guernica,Massacre in Korea, War and Peace, paintings that are to become averitable antiwar manifesto transposed within modern painting.





THE ORIGINS OF ABSTRACTION AND ITS SUBSEQUENT PARTICULARITIES

(THE ORIGINS OF ABSTRACTION AND ITS SUBSEQUENT PARTICULARITIES)

Author(s): Liliana Popa – West University of Timisoara

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: abstraction; innovation; geometrical language; conceptualization

Summary/Abstract: Originating at the end of the first decade of the 20thCentury, abstract art marks a major shift in the conceptions about art,the most radical of those put forward by the numerous currentsappeared in the same period. It brought about the most dramaticprocess of breaking all ties with the past belief that art was meant to bea representation of the visible world.An analysis of abstract art might seem an obsolete subject atpresent, one hundred years after it appeared. Still, the multitude ofapproaches that were grouped under this large concept, the complexparticularities that have appeared over time, as well as its continuity invarious forms up to the present, make it a vast, multi-faceted object ofresearch in continuous renewal, and therefore of current interest.





ROMANIA’S PARTICIPATIONS AT THE VENICE BIENNALE IN THE 90s. A CHRONOLOGY

(ROMANIA’S PARTICIPATIONS AT THE VENICE BIENNALE IN THE 90s. A CHRONOLOGY)

Author(s): Maria Orosan-Telea - West University of Timisoara

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: contemporary art; Venice Biennale; Romanian Pavilion; curatorship; the 90s

Summary/Abstract: During the first decade after 1989, the phenomenonof the Romanian contemporary art internationalization may befollowed especially by its participations in the Contemporary ArtBiennale from Venice. The five exhibitions in the Romanian Pavilionfrom Giardini between 1990 and 2000 show a pretty slow route ofofficial policy changes related to the promotion of Romanian artabroad. The exhibitions of the 1990, 1993 and 1995 editions are stillanchored in the tradition of artistic paradigms before 1989, promotinglate modernists discourses of some artists mainly active in the 60s and70s. An orientation towards more experimental approaches shall occurwith the edition from 1997, while the 1999 exhibition, by its strongconceptual component, aligns the Romanian Pavilion along thetendencies of the western art of that moment.





SHORT REFLECTION ON TREATING THEMES IN TAPESTRY

(SHORT REFLECTION ON TREATING THEMES IN TAPESTRY)

Author(s): Valentina ŞTEFĂNESCU - West University of Timisoara

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: tapestry; figurative; evolution; themes; history

Summary/Abstract: Tapestry has always been closely linked to painting,its compositional evolution being conditioned by discoveries inpainting. Themes addressed were reproduced by tapestry mastersusing silk thread and wool, with the possibilities offered by the fabricstructure combined with the new discoveries in colour chemistry.However, since, from the very beginning, fabric structure had adetermining role in rendering the human figure, because of thenumber of colours, thread interlacing and netting fineness, the naivelook accentuated. With time, the experience of tapestry masters led toconcrete achievements but this aspect closely linked to thediversification of colours and the observance of the cartoon makerpainter’sinstructions has resulted in a decline of the art of tapestry.Everything changed when, at the beginning of the twentieth century,textile artist Jean Lurçat realised which were the big mistakes that ledto this downfall.





THE ARCHITECTURE OF PARTY HYMNS IN THE THIRD POSTBYZANTINE PERIOD (1730-1814)

(THE ARCHITECTURE OF PARTY HYMNS IN THE THIRD POSTBYZANTINE PERIOD (1730-1814))

Author(s): Antoniu Zamfir – Craiova University

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life





THE CIRCULATION OF PARTY HYMNS IN THE MANUSCRIPTS OF ROMANIAN LIBRARIES

(THE CIRCULATION OF PARTY HYMNS IN THE MANUSCRIPTS OF ROMANIAN LIBRARIES)

Author(s): Antoniu Zamfir – Craiova University

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

2016





COMUNICAREA PRIN IMAGINE PICTURALĂ - PERCEPŢIE ESTETICĂ

(COMUNICAREA PRIN IMAGINE PICTURALĂ - PERCEPŢIE ESTETICĂ)

Author(s): George MOSCAL – National University of Arts Bucharest

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life





COMUNICAREA PRIN IMAGINE PICTURALĂ – INTENŢIE ŞI ATENŢIE ESTETICĂ

(COMUNICAREA PRIN IMAGINE PICTURALĂ – INTENŢIE ŞI ATENŢIE ESTETICĂ)

Author(s): George MOSCAL - National University of Arts Bucharest

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life





CONTEMPORARY SCULPTURE SETTLEMENTS

(CONTEMPORARY SCULPTURE SETTLEMENTS)

Author(s): Anamaria ȘERBAN – West University of Timisoara

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life





DIGITAL ART - A DIALOGUE BETWEEN DURABLE AND EPHEMERAL ART

(DIGITAL ART - A DIALOGUE BETWEEN DURABLE AND EPHEMERAL ART)

Author(s): Cosmin PAULESCU - National University of Arts Bucharest

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: digital art; computer art; ephemeral; spatial geometry; colorimetry; Nam June Paik; Wolf Vostell

Summary/Abstract: This article is about digital art and the ongoing interest towards this technique manifested by Romanian contemporary artists even though a big percentage of the art production in Romania is still very much anchored in the classical art making. This Post Postmodern aspect of artistic production is actually very illustrative for the Romanian contemporary art, which is oscillating between old and new, classical and modern, analog and digital, stating that the almighty power of “copy and paste” becomes useless when dealing with pencil and paper, or when the high-end digitally produced works become ephemeral as opposed to the traditionally hand worked pieces. Furthermore, my intention with the following research is not just to underline the development of digital art in Europe and United States of America in the last decades, but to create a basis of knowledge for my students, as part of a larger study that I previously developed.





STATES OF TEMPORALITY IN NEW MEDIA ART

(STATES OF TEMPORALITY IN NEW MEDIA ART)

Author(s): Eugen Alexandru GUSTEA - National University of Arts Bucharest

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: New media art; multimedia; temporality; spatiality; technology

Summary/Abstract: The article examines new media arts from the perspective of temporal dimensioning of the artistic creative act and the perception of the work of art. The relationship between time and spatiality is seen as a defining parameter of the artistic act, as one of a nature to generate new forms of visual expression. The discourse is built around an analysis of media from an historical perspective, resorting also to numerous examples from new media creations. Theoretical references are treating philosophical concepts of time encountered in Henry Bergson and Martin Heidegger works, or the latest ideas from the fields of cognitive sciences, new media theory or visual semantics.





BIOGRAPHY AND CREATION

(BIOGRAPHY AND CREATION)

Author(s): Rudolf KOCSIS - West University of Timisoara

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life





SMALL SCULPTURE IN CUCUTENI CULTURE AND ITS RESONANCE IN CONTEMPORARY SCULPTURE

(SMALL SCULPTURE IN CUCUTENI CULTURE AND ITS RESONANCE IN CONTEMPORARY SCULPTURE)

Author(s): Delia BRÂNDUȘESCU – Aurel Vlaicu University of Arad

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life





THE MUSICAL REPRESENTATION OF DAVID’S PSALMS IN THE CHORAL CREATION OF THE RENAISSACE

(THE MUSICAL REPRESENTATION OF DAVID’S PSALMS IN THE CHORAL CREATION OF THE RENAISSACE)

Author(s): Petruţa Maria Coroiu, Alexandra Belibou – Transilvania University Brasov

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life





CRUCIFIXUS-CENTRAL MUSICAL AND SPIRITUAL ELEMENT OF MISSA: CONFESSION AND SONORITY

(CRUCIFIXUS-CENTRAL MUSICAL AND SPIRITUAL ELEMENT OF MISSA: CONFESSION AND SONORITY)

Author(s): Petruţa Maria Coroiu - Transilvania University Brasov

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: confession; faith; stile; expressivity; prayer

Summary/Abstract: This paper examines some of the most important examples of subsection Crucifixus (section Credo of the Missa) of music history, capturing the spiritual, expressive and stylistic dominant of this musical confessions of faith: from the masterpieces of the Middle Ages to Baroque times.





UBICUITATEA STRUCTURALĂ ÎN UNIVERS A CLUSTERULUI MUZICAL

(UBICUITATEA STRUCTURALĂ ÎN UNIVERS A CLUSTERULUI MUZICAL)

Author(s): Mihai Şerban Ungureanu Pamfil - West University of Timisoara

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: cosmologie; biologie; antropologie; muzică; cluster

Summary/Abstract: În diferite forme şi conţinuturi de geneză şi evoluţie a materiei, se face observată ideea ansamblurilor multicorporale, a unei palsme existenţiale formată din mai multe individualităţi sau elemente. Totul ar porni de la mănunchiuri sau ciorchine, nu de la unicităţi procreative.





STUDY ON CHROMATIC HARMONY IN JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH’S CHORALE HARMONIZATIONS

(STUDY ON CHROMATIC HARMONY IN JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH’S CHORALE HARMONIZATIONS)

Author(s): Ramona Preja – University of Arts Targu Mures

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: chromaticism; J.S.Bach; chorale; harmonization; polyphony

Summary/Abstract: In the area of church music, the Reform meant simplification, humanization, by removing most of Gregorian melodies and replacing them with folk songs, transformed in order to serve the church ritual. These transformations, materialized in the Protestant chorale, represented a new stage in music history. This is why we will analyse the significance of chromatic harmony and the technical aspects of chorale harmonization in the works of Johann Sebastian Bach.Only a thorough analysis of Bach’s works in all their realistic aspects can prove that their value and vitality stand in the perfect combination of form and content, reflecting his time.





CRÂMPEIE DE ISTORIE A MUZICII BISERICEȘTI ORTODOXE DIN BANAT DE LA ÎNCEPUTURILE EI PÂNĂ LA MIJLOCUL SECOLULUI AL XIX-LEA

(CRÂMPEIE DE ISTORIE A MUZICII BISERICEȘTI ORTODOXE DIN BANAT DE LA ÎNCEPUTURILE EI PÂNĂ LA MIJLOCUL SECOLULUI AL XIX-LEA)

Author(s): Ion Alexandru Ardereanu – West University of Timisoara

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: Banat; Muzică Bisericească; Muzică Ortodoxă din Banat

Summary/Abstract: Prezența creștinismului pe pământurile bănățene încă din cele mai vechi timpuri ale erei noastre este demonstrată și susținută deopotrivă de dovezile arheologice cât și de tratatele de istorie. În mod evident, odată cu religia creștină a pătruns și arta creștină, care de-a lungul secolelor a reușit nu doar păstrarea originilor sale ci și aducerea acestora mai aproape de sufletul poporului din aceste locuri prin dezvoltarea unui specific local distinct dar într-o indiscutabilă legătură cu arhetipurile acestui gen de artă. Articolul de față, sesizând lipsa unor resurse bibliografice dedicate perioadei de dinainte de apariția marelui compozitor, dirijor și profesor bănățean Ion Vidu încearcă recapitularea unor informații referitoare la subiectul muzicii bisericești ortodoxe din Banat de-a lungul secolelor, fără pretenția de a putea trata în mod complet acest subiect ci din dorința de a semnala un subiect științific prea puțin abordat însă deosebit de relevant pentru muzicologia românească.





CINCI COMPOZITORI BĂNĂȚENI DE LIED MAI PUȚIN CUNOSCUȚI

(CINCI COMPOZITORI BĂNĂȚENI DE LIED MAI PUȚIN CUNOSCUȚI)

Author(s): Dana Sorina Chifu– West University of Timisoara

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: compozitori bănățeni; lied bănățean; Guido von Pogatschnigg; Herman Klee; Josef Linster; Emmerich Bartzer și Mihai Walter Keppler

Summary/Abstract: Plecând de la considerentul că există încă mulți compozitori bănățeni necunoscuți publicului larg, articolul de față își propune să aducă în atenție câteva date despre cinci dintre aceștia: Guido von Pogatschnigg, Herman Klee, Josef Linster, Emmerich Bartzer și Mihai Walter Keppler. Aparținând etniilor germană și maghiară, tradiționale pe pământul Banatului, model de conviețuire interetnică, compozitorii menționați au contribuit prin munca lor la dezvoltarea culturii românești pe care au îmbogățit-o în mod consistent; de aceea efortul lor trebuie cunoscut și recunoscut de generațiile viitoare.





SCHIŢĂ DE PORTRET- LAURA ANA MÂNZAT

(SCHIŢĂ DE PORTRET- LAURA ANA MÂNZAT)

Author(s): Ani-Rafaela Carabenciov– West University of Timisoara

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: Laura Ana Mânzat; concursuri; muzică de cameră; violoncel; festivaluri

Summary/Abstract: Schiţă de portret prezintă câteva repere biografice alecompozitoarei şi jurnalistei Laura Ana Mânzat şi câteva dintre celemai importante lucrări din creaţia autoarei. Pe lângă Classic Trio şiConcert Tango, sunt amintite aici şi Fragment de jurnal (2014),Bergamo (2015) şi Arbor (2016), creaţiile cele mai recente alecompozitoarei, interpretate în primă audiţie la prestigioasefestivaluri româneşti.





ASPECTE COMPONISTICE PREZENTE ÎN CREAŢIA COMPOZITORILOR REPREZENTATIVI APARŢINÂND ŞCOLII NAŢIONALE MUZICALE MAGHIARE ÎN PRIMA JUMĂTATE A SECOLULUI XX

(ASPECTE COMPONISTICE PREZENTE ÎN CREAŢIA COMPOZITORILOR REPREZENTATIVI APARŢINÂND ŞCOLII NAŢIONALE MUZICALE MAGHIARE ÎN PRIMA JUMĂTATE A SECOLULUI XX)

Author(s): Veronica Laura Demenescu– West University of Timisoara

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: Bela Bartok; Zoltan Kodaly

Summary/Abstract: Cristalizarea unei direcţii concrete în ceea ce priveştecomponistica maghiară, începe în prima jumătate a secolului XX, încontextul european care favoriza aceste tendinţe de creaţie, care sedezvoltă în paralel în toate ţările Europei de sud-est.Crearea unei muzici „în caracter popular” devine idealulreprezentanţilor şcolii maghiare, asemeni reprezentanţilor din ţărilevecine. Desigur, fiecare dintre aceştia se va exprima într-un stilpropriu, cu particularităţi de limbaj specifice, după cum urmează săanalizăm pe parcursul material.





MUSIC – MEANING AND STRUCTURE

(MUSIC – MEANING AND STRUCTURE)

Author(s): Stela DRAGULIN – Transilvania University of Brasov

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: music; musical language; meaning; structure

Summary/Abstract: This paper intends to highlight the relationship between musical meanings and musical structures from a different perspective. For this purpose, a wide range of scholarly opinions and concepts published over several decades were presented and analyzed. The difficulties and challenges of approaching the multiple aspects of this relationship reveal the complexity of the task. The author’s focus is placed on investigating the specificities of the above-mentioned relationship in an attempt to identify the most adequate methods and techniques of analysis. Setting up an analogy with verbal language structures is considered a way of approaching the study of musical structures while considering the specific aspects of the latter. The analogy was extended to the concept of musical meanings whose close correlation with musical structure results in terms of the effects on the listener’s consciousness produced by certain elements of the musical text.





SPECT – AN OPEN WINDOW INTO THE BRAIN

(SPECT – AN OPEN WINDOW INTO THE BRAIN)

Author(s): Corina Diana Constantinescu, Stela DRAGULIN - Transilvania University of Brasov

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life





UNIVERSUL CREAȚIEI PENTRU PIAN ȘI CU PIAN A COMPOZITORULUI BĂNĂȚEAN VASILE IJAC

(UNIVERSUL CREAȚIEI PENTRU PIAN ȘI CU PIAN A COMPOZITORULUI BĂNĂȚEAN VASILE IJAC)

Author(s): Iulia ROMAN– West University of Timisoara

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life





CONGRESUL INTERNAŢIONAL DE MUZICOLOGIE

(CONGRESUL INTERNAŢIONAL DE MUZICOLOGIE)

Author(s): Veronica Laura Demenescu– West University of Timisoara

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life





TURNEUL NAŢIONAL ISVOR GEORGE ENESCU

(TURNEUL NAŢIONAL ISVOR GEORGE ENESCU)

Author(s): Veronica Laura Demenescu– West University of Timisoara

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life





ESTETIC ŞI FUNCŢIONAL ÎN CERAMICA ROMÂNEASCĂ DIN SECOLULUI AL XX-LEA

(ESTETIC ŞI FUNCŢIONAL ÎN CERAMICA ROMÂNEASCĂ DIN SECOLULUI AL XX-LEA)

Author(s): Diana ANDREESCU– West University of Timisoara

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: design de produs; functional; artizanat; estetic; ceramică; industrie

Summary/Abstract: Stabilirea limitelor dintre design, arte decorative şi artizanat, este uşor de determinat ce este specific design-ului. Lista de elemente ce trebuie incluse într-o definiţie a design-ului devine lista de criterii de evaluare comparativă a design-ului, artelor decorative şi artizanatului. „Estetica produselor este parte a esteticii şi se referă la forma, culoarea, textura, temperatura percepută, sunetul, mirosul şi semnificaţia produsului, proiectate unitar.”Vorbim tot mai des de exigenţele actuale faţă de design, faţă de profilul de competenţă specialiştii afirmă că un manager bun va fi o soluţie bună. Pentru a deveni un real agent al schimbării, cei care se pricep trebuie să devină buni in activităţile de design.





CASA CA TEXTILĂ POROASĂ

(CASA CA TEXTILĂ POROASĂ)

Author(s): Daniela NEGRIȘANU, Codruța NEGRULESCU – Politehnica University of Timisoara

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: casă; porozitate; osmoză rezidențială; corporalitate

Summary/Abstract: Mijlocitor între ființa umană și exterioritate, învelișul casei reprezintă stratul permeabil sau, dimpotrivă, opac, scare decide gradul de continuitate senzorială și perceptivă între înauntru/ înafară. Veșmântul rezidențial devine un mijloc prin care se realizează reglarea și auto-reglarea indivizilor față de mediul extern și intern. Osmoza interior/ exterior este cu atât mai importantă cu cât satisfacția rezidenților depinde de felul în care învelișul, ca prim strat protector, se întâlnește cu nevoile și necesitățile lor de contact și permeabilitate față de exterior. Aceste expectanțe, individuale și colective deopotrivă, comportă variațiuni extrem de mari în funcție de contextul cultural, geografic, socio-economic și temporal în care este plasată locuirea. De-a lungul timpului, cele două tipuri de relații ale omului cu corpul său și implicit cu locuirea (varianta holistă și varianta individualistă) au furnizat două modele ontologice, plasate la extreme, care referențializează diferit coaja rezidențială în raport cu omul și cu lumea înconjurătoare.





URÂT-FRUMOS O ANALIZĂ A DIFERENŢELOR DE PERCEPŢIE DIN PERSPECTIVĂ NEUROŞTIINŢIFICĂ

(URÂT-FRUMOS O ANALIZĂ A DIFERENŢELOR DE PERCEPŢIE DIN PERSPECTIVĂ NEUROŞTIINŢIFICĂ)

Author(s): Codruța NEGRULESCU, Daniela NEGRIȘANU - Politehnica University of Timisoara

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: percepţie senzorială; percepţie reconstructivă; experienţe anterioare; gândire asociativă

Summary/Abstract: Felul în care percepem, internalizăm și emitem judecăți de valoare față de un obiect de artă sau de arhitectură depinde în mare măsură de experiențele anterioare (individuale sau comune, culturale), de precedențe experiențiale și de felul în care procesele noastre cognitive fac apel la toate aceste referințe anterioare. Lucrarea de față depășește interesul strict psihologic, anatomic, sociologic sau filosofic al acestor procese, mutând spectrul discuției în zona neuroștiințelor. Această știință emergentă, bazată pe noi cercetări imagistice, pune în lumină un nou mod de înțelegere a mecanismelor neuropsihologice care stau la baza formării percepțiilor, relevând un demers constructiv extrem de complex, care implică atât premise culturale, cât și personale, utilizate intens și subiectiv în procesele perceptive.

2017





THE BURDEI. SCULPTURE – ARCHITECTURE – ARCHEOLOGY

(THE BURDEI. SCULPTURE – ARCHITECTURE – ARCHEOLOGY)

Author(s): Anamaria ȘERBAN – West University of Timisoara

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: sculpture; architecture; archeology; experiment; contemporary; elementary;

Summary/Abstract: This is a presentation that aims to support a study of contemporary built sculpture, seen as experimental architecture that brings to the fore a form of prehistoric habitation and conceptually uses resignified archaeological methods. The essential and elementary plastic structures, the architectural context, the educational discourse, the archaeological methods, the restorer, all conceptually interfere in the creative process of contemporary post-minimal sculpture, of the sculpture as a place. We will soon find out the potentiality of these experimental and utopian manifestations of contemporary sculpture. These cultural positions still retain a significant portion of the modernist legacy: the ethical and aesthetic commitment to the world.





ROMANIAN DESIGN IN CULTURAL CONTEXT

(ROMANIAN DESIGN IN CULTURAL CONTEXT)

Author(s): Iosif MIHAILO– West University of Timisoara

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: design; Romanian design; design theory; object; unique; work of art; man-made object; cultural design; art; craft; Romanian designers;

Summary/Abstract: This study is intended to conduct a theoretical research ofRomanian design domain, relating to a wider context, that is art theory,and subsequently resorting to fundamental references. It relates to thestatus of the objects that are unique concerning the way they claim tobe essentially artworks. Throughout this article the concern fordefining a universe of objects is obvious, treated within the frameworkof object's existential conditions. From this point of view, thepreliminaries supporting its justification relate to Heidegger'sphilosophical concepts, also regarding the functionalist paradigm andultimately some references are made to symbolism and artisticexpression. As a natural continuity, the current state of modernproduced objects is associated with the development of thecontemporary society. In this stage, the design is treated separately intodistinct branches, outlining the particular situation of Romanian designthrough specific data and relevant examples.





LANDSCAPE AND AMBIANCE ART. TECHNIQUES AND APPROACHES FOR DELIVERING VISUAL INFORMATION IN CONCEPT ART FOR GAMES AND FILMS

(LANDSCAPE AND AMBIANCE ART. TECHNIQUES AND APPROACHES FOR DELIVERING VISUAL INFORMATION IN CONCEPT ART FOR GAMES AND FILMS)

Author(s): Sergiu Mihai Zegrean– West University of Timisoara

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: Concept art; gaming; digital landscape; digital art; digital painting; ambiance

Summary/Abstract: This article approaches the topic of digital art and its implications in creative industries. It elaborates the particular role,features and aspects of landscaping, related to digital painting, as disciplinary subfield. It shows how the digital landscape is created with the intent to deliver the visual information needed for understanding the concept and its implementation, by 3D or other medium. As related to finite product, we can talk here about digital stage in a game or film set. Therefore, we take into account the five types of visual information shape, proportion, deepness, colour and light explaining and exemplifying for each and every feature and possibilities for concept art image rendering.





THE MUTE SONORITY OF THE COLOR AT KANDINSKY

(THE MUTE SONORITY OF THE COLOR AT KANDINSKY)

Author(s): Emil DOBRIBAN  – University of Arts and Design – Cluj Napoca

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: abstract painting; creation; color; musicality; composition; synesthesia

Summary/Abstract: This article aims to reveal the correlations that occur betweendifferent branches of the arts from the relationship color - tone in orderto highlight the musicality of some oparticular interest in the research regarding the sound-color relationshipdiscusses both the possibilities of abstraction of any of the creativetechniques, musical or pictorial, and the sound identification theme bychromatic sense. Painters must be attentive to the way musicians thinkand act as they do not use artistict language to mimic the environment,but as a way of rendering ideas, feelings, reflecting the inner state to givespecific existence to compositional creations.





DUALITY OF ARTWORK MESSAGE FROM LESSING'S PERSPECTIVE

(DUALITY OF ARTWORK MESSAGE FROM LESSING'S PERSPECTIVE)

Author(s): Emil DOBRIBAN– University of Arts and Design – Cluj Napoca

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: fertile moment; duality; beautiful; truth; expression; artistic significance

Summary/Abstract: This article aims to discuss issues related to plastic creationsto which "the principle of fertile moment" supported by Lessing isapplied. The German aesthetician considers that a sculptor alwayschooses from a number of points possible for "the on-going" of amovement, that unique moment in which the movement has not yetreached its peak deployment and especially for this reason, lets ourimagination run free. The ancient artist sought to give his art beautyand harmony. It was being sought in particular the decrease of slow,non-harmonic movements, of excessive gesture violence, respectively toalleviate the reflection of a suffering body, simultaneously underliningthose aspects of the figure that by compassion, hope and appreciationwould awaken in the viewer states of multifaceted artistic delight.Rendering the moment rich in meanings can be also seen in thetwentieth century art.





DEFINING MARKETING IN THE SOCIOLOGY OF DESIGN

(DEFINING MARKETING IN THE SOCIOLOGY OF DESIGN)

Author(s): Diana ANDREESCU - West University of Timisoara

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: design, definition; marketing; concept; aesthetic; functional

Summary/Abstract: Design means modernism, and almost always novelty.Starting from marketing management in the sociology of design andthe always existing competition, market development, evolution oftechnologies and lifestyles - all these force companies to adapt theirstrategies and products regularly to the demands of the ever fasterchanges. Today, more and more managers realise that they cansubstantially improve their competitive power if they adopt design inthe concept of firms.





ALTERITIES OF SIGHT. BENCHMARKS OF MEDIATIC RE-VIEWING THE READING OF REALITY

(ALTERITIES OF SIGHT. BENCHMARKS OF MEDIATIC RE-VIEWING THE READING OF REALITY)

Author(s): Mihaiela Ilea – Babes Bolyai University Cluj Napoca

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: visual image; television; art; communication; visual language; audience

Summary/Abstract: Television and new media construct a type of trade with theiconic sign. To the image is assigned an effervescent power, so that itcan, under the pretext of illustrating, create a new perspective of theinformation-formation-seduction triad. The subjectivity of the image,caught between the liberty of re-seeing the collective show of societyand the responsibility of sight, can only be overcome through keeping abalance between the one who proposes the typology of the message (thejournalist) and the one who is decoding it (the viewer). The two areunited by the experience of seeing the same sample of reality and areseparated by the role of phenomenology of communication means andthe reception of visual language.





THE ICON OF SAINT ARCHANGEL MICHAEL FROM THE OLD WOODEN CHURCH OF PARVA MONASTERY - BISTRITA NASAUD. ICONOGRAPHIC ELEMENTS AND RESTORATION TECHNIQUES

(THE ICON OF SAINT ARCHANGEL MICHAEL FROM THE OLD WOODEN CHURCH OF PARVA MONASTERY - BISTRITA NASAUD. ICONOGRAPHIC ELEMENTS AND RESTORATION TECHNIQUES)

Author(s): Mihaela Alieta PETROVAN – Babes Bolyai University Cluj Napoca

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: bistrita; nasaud; monastery; restoration;

Summary/Abstract: The Bistri a region is an old spring of Romanian culture,which generated along the years important artistic realizations,amongst which the wooden churches have a particular beauty andnoblesse since they are the place where the folkloric art mingles withthe civilized art.Close to Nasaud city, on the border between the villages Rebra andParva there has been centuries ago1 an Orthodox monastery for monksand a small wooden church with the feast of the Annunciation. Theicons from this monastery, among which the icon of our study,constitute proofs of creativity, constancy and continuity, proofs of ourfaith and values of spirituality and Christian sensitivity, because theypreserve constructive and decorative elements that can be found on theentire Romanian territory.





THE CREATION OF LIGHT BETWEEN ICONIC REPRESENTATION AND SYMBOLIC FIGURES

(THE CREATION OF LIGHT BETWEEN ICONIC REPRESENTATION AND SYMBOLIC FIGURES)

Author(s): Cristian Andrei HIDEG  - Orthodox Theological Seminary Cluj Napoca

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: creation of light; iconography; Bible; cosmogenesis; creation of world; creation of angels; significations; symbols; medieval theology; ancient philosophy; Christian art

Summary/Abstract: This study is a philosophical and theological journey in theimaging of the Genesis. It stops on the first day of creation, which is therichest in meanings and symbolic images as it reflects the creation of anenigmatic world, namely the spiritual world, the world of celestialhierarchies. The light is associated with the creation of angels, and theseparation of the light from the darkness is understood as theseparation of good angels from bad ones and, starting from here, anentire philosophy is developed. Starting from this theme, another ideadetaches, namely the imaging of the fall of angels or even thecoronation of Lucifer. The compositions depict extremely well thewestern medieval teachings, which were impregnated with Saint Augustine's train of thought and theology.





RELATIA TEHNOLOGIEI - CONTINUT - PUBLIC IN AUDIOVIZUAL

(RELATIA TEHNOLOGIEI - CONTINUT - PUBLIC IN AUDIOVIZUAL)

Author(s): Dan RAȚIU – West University of Timisoara

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: film; relatia tehnologie-continut-public; audiovizual

Summary/Abstract: Filmul cinematografic si evolutiile sale ulterioare (catre ceea ce azi denumim generic produs audiovizual) sunt in acelasi timp arta si industrie. Limbajul audiovisual este o fuziune a limbajelor artistice anterioare iar continutul audiovisual se poate adopta la inovatiile tehnologice care ii pot imbunatati expresivitatea si capacitatea de a ajunge la public. La randul sau publicul intervine in aceasta ecuatie tot mai pregnant pe masura ce tehnologia ii permite sa interactioneze din ce in ce mai direct cu continutul. Relatia tehnologie-continut-public genereaza echilibre dinamice in audiovisual iar influentele induse de catre fiecare dintre termini favorizeaza evolutia catre grade din ce in ce mai ridicate de interactivitate.





SCULPTURĂ ŞI PROPORŢIE

(SCULPTURĂ ŞI PROPORŢIE)

Author(s): Rudolf KOCSIS - West University of Timisoara

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: Sculptură; Proporţie; Sculptura mică; Sculptură la scară mică; Sculptură monumentală

Summary/Abstract: Relaţia dintre tactilitate şi spaţialitate, dintre calitatea materialelor utilizate şi prelucrarea acestora, asociată cu supradi-mensionarea, sunt, preocupări constante pentru fiecare sculptor. Cali-brarea dimensională şi proporţia sculpturilor mici, în vederea unei viitoare transpuneri la scară monumentală, sunt provocări constante pentru orice artist. În această situaţie, compoziţiile din atelier devin publice, ele trebuie integrate, arhitectural şi ambiental, în spaţiul ales, cu care vor interacţiona şi-l vor completa estetic.





ABOUT MONOTYPING

(ABOUT MONOTYPING)

Author(s): Florin STOICIU – National University of Arts Bucharest

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: composition; engraving; drawing; monotyping; technique; manner

Summary/Abstract: Just as gestures are unrepeatable in painting, so a print executed in the manner of the monotype is unique. Even though many artists who use traditional print techniques in their creation consider that “painting” a plate for later printing is nonsense, I am convinced that this unique combination between painting and printing techniques creates forms and textures impossible to achieve using another technique.The emancipation from the constraints of traditional techniques, and the return to the primary form of art can only be beneficial to the exploration of an inadequately exploited field in our country, professionally speaking.





THOUGHTS ON COMPOSITION

(THOUGHTS ON COMPOSITION)

Author(s): Florin STOICIU– National University of Arts Bucharest

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: composition; engraving; drawing; concept; process

Summary/Abstract: The moment you utter it, the anguish in your mind has alreadybegun: size, form empty/full, centered/not centered, open/closed. Howabout the subject, the theme? Dot, line, mark, distortion, threedimensionalvolume, sound, etc.? Should it be the same as you did itbefore? Should I do it as I did it before, or as he did it? How about as theydid it? What should it be like? You just start thinking and asking yourselfif you have the appropriate materials or even the financial means. Areyou or are you not able to follow through with it and put your thoughtsinto action? Everything in your mind begins swirling and amalgamating,everything comes together on the same level, and then, everything comesapart up to the moment when you say ENOUGH! You finally decide tochoose among a size, a surface or a volume.





COLUMNS AND SHRINES. A PERSONAL SEMIOTICS

(COLUMNS AND SHRINES. A PERSONAL SEMIOTICS)

Author(s): Eugen BARZU- West University of Timisoara

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Summary/Abstract: The present article,Columns and shrines. A personal semioticsfocuses on a few personal reflections regarding four personal artisticcreations.In the first part of the article I explain my appeal and fascination for thehuman body, subject and object in sculpture, confining the range of interestto the female body and the children body. I am interested in the artisticpotencies of the body, not in a classical approach, but especially in the bodyfragments that are no longer in a symbiotic connection with the entirepart.The second part focuses on the work that can integrate my concerns,under the generic name of shrines and columns. These pieces of workconverge from my meditations upon the threat on our speciesrepresented by distruction, or self-distruction, through variousmechanisms of body manipulation and by preventing our development.These are personal reflections, but with major social implications.





COMPARATIVE STUDY OF MISERERE IN THE CREATION OF HENRYK GORECKI AND ARVO PÄRT

(COMPARATIVE STUDY OF MISERERE IN THE CREATION OF HENRYK GORECKI AND ARVO PÄRT)

Author(s): Petruţa Maria Coroiu, Alexandra Belibou – Transilvania University of Brasov

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life





ANNOTATIONS ON THE CONTEMPORARY SYMPHONY

(ANNOTATIONS ON THE CONTEMPORARY SYMPHONY)

Author(s): Adrian Iorgulescu – Union of Romanian Composers and Musicologist

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: Contemporary Music; Symphonic Music; Contemporary Symphony;





FORMAL ARCHETYPES IN THE MUSICAL REPRESENTATIONS OF THE PSALMS IN THE MODERN ERA

(FORMAL ARCHETYPES IN THE MUSICAL REPRESENTATIONS OF THE PSALMS IN THE MODERN ERA)

Author(s): Alexandra Belibou, Petruţa Maria Coroiu – Transilvania University of Brasov

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: Religious music; Contemporary music; Psalms;

Summary/Abstract: The present paper started from the premise that the composers of classical music in the modern era resorted to religious texts written almost three millennia ago, they discovered their essence, despite the social, territorial, linguistic and, not least, religious changes which occurred throughout history. The meanings of David’s Psalms resonated with modern man, and creators expressed themselves by using the psalmic texts. This prompted us to investigate in more detail the formal archetypes in the musical representations of the plasms. We believe the composers’ choice concerning the musical genres and forms is significant, because they represent the shell of the spiritual universe described in psalmic verses.





ENESCU ODER SCHÖNBERG, DAS IST HIER DIE FRAGE

(ENESCU ODER SCHÖNBERG, DAS IST HIER DIE FRAGE)

Author(s): Heidemarie Ambros – Musica Suprimata

Language: German

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: Enescu; SCHÖNBERG; Zeitgenössische Musik;

Summary/Abstract: „Iubiti muzica romaneasca“ ist das Motto dieses Festivals. Ist das als Aufforderung oder als Frage gemeint, so wie Françoise Sagan's „Lieben Sie Brahms?“ Gewiss liebten die in Rumänien geborenen Komponisten, von denen ich hier sprechen will, rumänische Musik - wer nicht?! - aber offensichtlich wollten Sie auch wissen, was denn „draußen“ hinter der Grenze sich so begab. „Kosmopolitisch“ war ein in der jungen Generation sehr attraktiver Begriff, ganz anders als er später, im realsozialistischen Denksystem, bewertet wurde. Doch auch in ihrer aller Oeuvre finden sich zumindest einzelne Kompositionssätze „à la romaneasca“ oder „dans le style populaire roumain“. Ich werde Ihnen hier ein Panorama ausbreiten, denn die Welt des Schönberg-Kreises ist vielfältig kreuz und quer miteinander verbunden. Ich werde sprechen über Norbert von Hannenheim (1898 Hermannstadt-Sibiu - 1945 Obrawalde in Pommern) Philipp Herschkowitz (1906 Jassy-Iaşi - 1989 Wien) peripherer über den Tschechen Viktor Ullmann (1898 Schlesisch Teschen - 1944 KZ Auschwitz) sowie über Marcel Mihalovici (1898 Bukarest - 1985 Paris), über Henryk Neugeboren / Henri Nouveau, (1901 Kronstadt-Braşov - 1959 Paris), die keine dezidierten Zwölftöner waren. und über Wolf von Aichelburg, der, obwohl so oft eingesperrt, als Dreifachbegabung ein absolut freier Geist war.





REPETITIVE MINIMALISM IN THE WORK OF STEVE REICH

(REPETITIVE MINIMALISM IN THE WORK OF STEVE REICH)

Author(s): Iuliana Porcos – Transilvania University of Brasov

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: Steve Reich; Minimalism;

Summary/Abstract: Minimalism – as one of the many idioms running through the troubledmodern musical century – was born in the US in the early 60s. Manifest at first in painting and sculpture, this cognitive impulse aims at revolutionizing the visual and the intellect by rediscovering simplicity. Making use of patterns that are accessible although not actually circumscribed to the traditionalist perceptive and reflexive categories, it imagines forms of which ’the material, the structure and the colour’’ are reduced to the ‘’most minimal elements’’1. The term was coined by the Art critic Richard Wollheim (1923 – 2003) who first used it in his essay Minimal Art (1965), where he discusses the necessary conditions for an artefact to become a work of art. II





CÂNTECELE MOZARTIENE: PREMISE ALE STILULUI ROMANTIC

(CÂNTECELE MOZARTIENE: PREMISE ALE STILULUI ROMANTIC)

Author(s): Elena Turea – Academy of Music, Theater and Fine Arts, Chisinau

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: Mozart; Lied; Romantism;

Summary/Abstract: Creaţia lui Mozart, precum şi soarta lui, au trezit mereu un interes deosebit din partea muzicienilor. Acum, în zilele noastre, putem vorbi despre un adevărat Renaissans mozartian, care are scopul de a reactualiza moștenirea muzicală a maestrului. Geniul său excepţional persistă în toate domeniile muzicii. Simfoniile și opusurile instrumentale ocupă un loc aparte în repertoriul concertistic. Pe scenele teatrelor sunt montate operele lui, creaţiile vocale de cameră sunt incluse în programele diferitelor concursuri, fiind studiate în cadrul cursurilor de canto (de către vocalişti) şi măiestrie de concert (de către pianişti).





GIOACHINO ROSSINI – SIX SONATE A QUATRO (THE QUARTETT IN OPERA COMPOSERS)

(GIOACHINO ROSSINI – SIX SONATE A QUATRO (THE QUARTETT IN OPERA COMPOSERS)

Author(s): Raluca Irimia - Brasov Philharmonic Quartet

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: Gioachino Rossini; Opera; Vocal quartett;

Summary/Abstract: First ideas of chamber music and four-part writing for strings occurs in pieces titled sonata a Quattro, but these works were apparently intended for orchestral performance and may have included keyboard continuo (ex. Alessandro Scarlatti's Sonate a quattro per due violini, violetta e violoncello senza cembalo, c1715–250)





ŞCOALA ORGANISTICĂ MODERNĂ TIMIŞOREANĂ (1990-2000)

(ŞCOALA ORGANISTICĂ MODERNĂ TIMIŞOREANĂ (1990-2000))

Author(s): Ani-Rafaela Carabenciov – West University of Timisoara

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: şcoală organistică; Felician Roşca; Marcela Costea; Festivalul Timişoara Muzicală Academică; Zilele muzicii de orgă;

Summary/Abstract: Articolul se referă la primii 10 ani de activitate desfăşurată de clasa de orgă a Facultăţii de Muzică şi Teatru din cadrul U.V.T. Cu toate greutăţile inerente oricărui început, studenţii clasei de orgă timişorene sau afirmat cu recitaluri în fiecare an universitar, participând la toate activităţile facultăţii şi la cursurile de măiestrie susţinute de organişti de renume. Un fapt deosebit a fost organizarea de către profesorul Felician Roşca a primului Concurs internaţional de orgă la Timişoara.





COMPOZITORI ŞI DIRECŢII ALE MUZICII INSTRUMENTALE ROMÂNEŞTI DIN A DOUA JUMĂTATE A SECOLULUI XX

(COMPOZITORI ŞI DIRECŢII ALE MUZICII INSTRUMENTALE ROMÂNEŞTI DIN A DOUA JUMĂTATE A SECOLULUI XX)

Author(s): Ani-Rafaela Carabenciov  – West University of Timisoara

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: compozitori români; curente; tehnici de creaţie; ansambluri de muzică nouă;

Summary/Abstract: Lucrarea face o retrospectivă a şcolii româneşti de compoziţie din a doua jumătate a secolului XX, prezentând generaţiile de compozitori care s-au afirmat în contextul universal prin îmbinarea tradiţiei cu tehnicile noi de creaţie sau prin găsirea unor modalităţi de creaţie originale.





ABORDAREA DIDACTICĂ DIFERENȚIATĂ ÎN CANTO

(ABORDAREA DIDACTICĂ DIFERENȚIATĂ ÎN CANTO)

Author(s): Sorina Munteanu  – West University of Timisoara

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: canto; didactică; respirație;

Summary/Abstract: Cea mai simplă metodă de educare în vederea unei fonații corecte, este cea care ajută subiectul să conștientizeze că va folosi în cântul profesional, același sistem fonator pe care îl utilizează în vorbirea curentă, cu modificările necesare de amplasament muscular menite să producă omogenitate coloristică și de presiune.





INTERNETUL - ARTĂ ÎN MARKETING

(INTERNETUL - ARTĂ ÎN MARKETING)

Author(s): Simona Biriescu– West University of Timisoara

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: Internet; Art; Marketing;

Summary/Abstract: Atunci când vorbim despre artă vorbim de estetica care înseamnă reflectare, contemplare, valorizare și făurirea unor trăsături specifice ale obiectelor și proceselor din natură, societate și conștiință ale unor creații omenești. Înainte de a merge la un muzeu, este întotdeauna de dorit, să vedem un film despre acesta pe Internet, pentru a obține și opinia altor persoane. În cazul în care documentarul despre artă, muzeu este bun în cele mai multe cazuri avem un succes incontestabil. Astăzi, recomandările, fenomenul Internet a crescut atât de mult domeniul artelor și cultură încât unii confundă arta cu internetul. Într-adevăr, cu internetul, totul merge dincolo de orice, doar un clic pentru a trimite un mesaj instantaneu la mii de utilizatori de pe Internet. Construit pe un sistem de sesizare între utilizatori, marketingul viral a devenit rapid strategia, chintesența pentru multe companii, având în vedere viteza de propagare, costul său scăzut și eficiența un client mulțumit care poate fi unul dintre cei mai buni posibili lideri de opinie pentru o companie.





SPECTACOL ȘI CUVÂNT: DINAMICA ROLURILOR CURATORIALE ÎN ARTA CONTEMPORANĂ

(SPECTACOL ȘI CUVÂNT: DINAMICA ROLURILOR CURATORIALE ÎN ARTA CONTEMPORANĂ)

Author(s): Adriana Foanene – Art Museum Timisoara

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: Comisar de expoziție; Curator; artă contemporană;

Summary/Abstract: Articolul prezintă evoluția statutară dinspre custodele de expoziție către curatorul de artă contemporană. Simbol al puterii decisive, custodele și curatorul reprezintă acel personaj care are rolul de a evalua, de a selecta, de a documenta, de a expune și de a valoriza opera de artă. Odată cu modernizarea sistemului artistic, cu apariția artei conceptuale, a manifestului artistic, sistemul de valori piramidal parcticat de-a lungul istoriei este deturnat. Care sunt astăzi soluțiile selecției valorice, care sunt strategiile adoptate de curatori pentru a susține noile opere de artă? Ne aflăm oare încă în fața unui sistem care dorește anihilarea sistemelor, asemănător manifesului dadaist sau suntem martorii unei reconstrucții a platformelor artistice la nivel global? Își va păstra oare curatorul de artă postmodernă ponderea valorică și dacă da, care sunt lecțiile flexibilității pe care acesta trebuie să le învețe?

2018





A TREIA, A PATRA ŞI A CINCEA DIMENSIUNE ÎN PICTURĂ

(A TREIA, A PATRA ŞI A CINCEA DIMENSIUNE ÎN PICTURĂ)

Author(s): Daniela Constantin – West University of Timisoara

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: spaţiu; timp; vid; dimensiune; vis;

Summary/Abstract: Transpunerea unui Timp trăit într-un Spaţiu pictural animat de sentimente desfăşurate în viaţa reală prin puterea semantică şi cromatică. Mutaţia Timpului-Spaţiu putând fi posibilă prin discontinuitatea internă introdusă de Vid, reuşind prin relaţia interior-exterior, îndepărtat-apropiat să faciliteze acea re-asumare a vieţii visate sau rememorate.





THE ICONS OF THE OLD ICONOSTASIS FROM PARVA MONASTERY

(THE ICONS OF THE OLD ICONOSTASIS FROM PARVA MONASTERY)

Author(s): Mihaela Alieta PETROVAN - Babeş-Bolyai University Cluj-Napoca

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: wooden churches; iconostasis; icon; restoration; patrimony;

Summary/Abstract: The wooden churches from Bistriţa region, which also include the wooden church of the old monastery from Parva, form a valuable patrimony both on a national and international level. If the monument from Parva had survived, it would have impressed with its equilibrium and the harmony of proportions, it would have been an impressive monument through its simplicity, proof of a constructive tradition practiced for a long time and of a perfect virtuosity of the local artists. Besides the importance of the wooden churches, a very important role is played by the icons, which represent the thesaurus of these churches. The main purpose of this study was determined by the importance of its inclusion within the values’ circuit of the national and European patrimony of several works that are less famous and examined, such as the icons from Bistriţa region, the one from Parva Monastery respectively, created by the local artists during one century and which present a particular interest through their real artistic value. The wish to understand the process of restoration, to know the history and along with it, the story of each piece as individuality is one of the impulses that brought us close to them. In order to establish exactly the materials used for the structure of the icon, to establish the real state of preservation of the pieces and of the causes that led to degradation, we developed an ample and complex investigation. The past becomes present through the objects that are the result of traditions and crafts revived by restorers. The beauty and the diversity of themes, drawing, composition and color of the artists from the past reflect the very life that they led. The approach of this subject is useful now, when we are ready to prove our contribution to the European culture and spirituality, and it would not be appropriate to ignore precisely the Christian values characteristic 12 to our country. And the wooden churches as well as the icons, especially the old ones, represent a rather ignored chapter.





FASHION FASCINATION AND MAGIC – A MULTIDIMENSIONAL PERSPECTIVE

(FASHION FASCINATION AND MAGIC – A MULTIDIMENSIONAL PERSPECTIVE)

Author(s): BAN Lavinia - University of Art and Design Cluj-Napoca

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: fashion; fascination; magic; clothing; concept; body image; fashion theory;

Summary/Abstract: From the ritual of fashion weeks and personal rites of grooming, the mirage of trends and iconic appearances, to fashion theory that offers a generous field of interdisciplinary research, fashion remains the area of greatest interest in both popular culture and intellectual environments. Evolving stunningly between art, design and performance, establishing visual references and cultural connections, fashion outlines a unique, almost surrealistic, space governed by continual change. If the fascination of fashion can be "explained" through a series of rational arguments, to decipher the magic and irrational aura floating around this industry, I propose a multidimensional analysis.





THE ELEMENT EARTH (CLAY) IN CONSTANTIN BRANCUSI’S SCULPTURE

(THE ELEMENT EARTH (CLAY) IN CONSTANTIN BRANCUSI’S SCULPTURE)

Author(s): Vasile Fuiorea – Constantin Brâncuși University Târgu-Jiu

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: sculpture; technique; The modeling; earth; forms; Craiova;

Summary/Abstract: The modeling technique, a classical method necessary for pupils to get acquainted and express themselves in sculpture, requires an absolute working intimacy with the earth element (clay / plastic mud) through the direct contact of man with it in order to give shape to the subject. It is noteworthy that, from this period of Brâncuşi's training at Craiova School of Arts and Crafts, we can observe the pleasure with which he gives the voice to this earth through the busts he made at school during the sculpture classes. The modeling, this technique of continuous addition of shapes, until the artist is satisfied with the similarity and expression with the model, acquires in Brâncuşi's hands those sculptural attributes and valences of expressive forms capable of transmitting an aesthetic emotion. Until the appearance of the sculpture Sleep, which in terms of matter is totally different than the former type of art practiced by Brâncuşi, earthly matter, the clay, was the main means of configuration in sculpture, made by modeling in earth. In the works The Kiss and Wisdom of the Earth, he will abandon modeling in favor of harsh tellurian materials, which even contain the memory of the world, and whom the artist through the new technique bring to profoundly spiritualized forms in which the model disappears, the idea becoming the primary significance.





CONSIDERATIONS ON THE EXPRESSIVE MEANS OF THE DYNAMIC PLAN IN L'isle joyeuse Claude's Debussy

(CONSIDERATIONS ON THE EXPRESSIVE MEANS OF THE DYNAMIC PLAN IN L'isle joyeuse Claude's Debussy)

Author(s): Tatiana Hilca - National University of Music, Bucharest

Language: French

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: Claude Debussy; L'isle joyeuse;

Summary/Abstract: The correct understanding and knowledge of the expressivedynamic language of a work is a delicate task for the performer due to the subjectivity of the perception of the dynamic parameter and also of the influences of different interpretations. Emphasizing the expression in a work may be possible through the engagement of the entire musical context, through interpretative conduction that must be helped by a focused analysis of the involved elements of expression. The present article is marking important aspects that lead to the formation of the expressiveness of the musical discourse, the ways of accentuating significant musical sounds, the timbral diversity, the dynamic indications used that become an important part in the realization of the emotional path. This research is intended to be a catalyst for the interpreter's desire for knowledge, for decoding the meanings of some indications from the scores, in order to understand the intimacy of a musical composition.





THE PLACE OF MUSIC IN PATRISTICS

(THE PLACE OF MUSIC IN PATRISTICS)

Author(s): Alexandra Belibou, Petruţa Maria Coroiu – Transilvania University of Brasov

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life, Theology and Religion

Keywords: Patristics; music; wisdom; Church Fathers; ancient;

Summary/Abstract: As musicians, we find it beneficial to research the meanings of music as reflected in Patristics. This study is a reminder that music has a divine role, and that it is important to never forget that the sonorous art has always been used as praise. Starting from the importance of music in the Holy Bible, we will discuss the place of music in Patristic texts. For a meaningful musical life, we believe that it is our duty to read and deepen the ideas put forward by the Church Fathers about the way music has to be merged with faith.





ÎNSEMNĂRI DESPRE ELASTICITATEA TEMPORALĂ A FRAZELOR ÎN MUZICA TRADIȚIONALĂ ÎN PARLANDO-RUBAT

(ÎNSEMNĂRI DESPRE ELASTICITATEA TEMPORALĂ A FRAZELOR ÎN MUZICA TRADIȚIONALĂ ÎN PARLANDO-RUBAT)

Author(s): Marius Ionut Stanciu – Craiova University

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: etnomuzicologie; parlando-rubato; ritm liber; doină instrumentală;

Summary/Abstract: Parlando-rubato reprezintă o componentă morfologică de bază a muzicilor tradiționale, alături de alte sisteme ritmice (giustosilabic, aksak, ritmul copiilor etc.). Cu toate că există suficiente exemple în muzica românească (chiar și internațională) tradițională care utilizează acest sistem ritmic mecanismele de funcționare ale acestuia încă nu sunt pe deplin cunoscute. Textul de față urmărește descoperirea procedeelor variaționale utilizate de către o muzică tradițională în ritm parlandorubato printr-o analiză comparată a aceluiași discurs muzical expus în mai multe versiuni.





EVOLUTION OF FEMALE CHARACTERS IN THE WORK OF GIACOMO PUCCINI

(EVOLUTION OF FEMALE CHARACTERS IN THE WORK OF GIACOMO PUCCINI)

Author(s): Edith Georgiana Adetu– Transilvania University of Brasov

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: Puccini; opera; feminine characters; dramatic action;

Summary/Abstract: Throughout the history of music, the vision of the historicalstylistic perspective of the lyrical and dramatic musical genre has suffered many construction turns, due to various social and political contexts. Thus, opera music develops along with other arts (literature, painting), becoming a language accessible to the masses, and supporting the transposition of the surrounding reality in art. A new music is born, a living music with a substrate embedded in the ordinary, which will be reflected in the work of Georges Bizet and Giacomo Puccini and will serve as a basis for the evolution of opera vocals, giving rise to controversial opera characters, both from the point of view of the vocal score and from the point of view of the psychological and theatrical analysis.

 





DAMIAN VULPE - OCTOGENARIAN

(DAMIAN VULPE - OCTOGENARIAN)

Author(s): Ani-Rafaela Carabenciov - West University of Timisoara

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: Damian Vulpe; musical education in Timisoara; personalities of Resita; concert chronicles; choral art in Banat;

Summary/Abstract: The article is a portrait of the master Damian Vulpe, a wellknown musicologist, musical critic, pedagogue and conductor, one of Banat's prestigious personalities at the age of 80, of whom more than 40 years have been dedicated to Timişoara's higher musical education.





DUBLĂ ANIVERSARE ÎN CADRUL FESTIVALULUI CORAL INTERNAŢIONAL „VOX MUNDI”

(DUBLĂ ANIVERSARE ÎN CADRUL FESTIVALULUI CORAL INTERNAŢIONAL „VOX MUNDI”)

Author(s): Ani-Rafaela Carabenciov - West University of Timisoara

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: Festivalul Coral Internaţional „Vox Mundi”; Corul pe voci egale al Colegiului Naţional de Artă „Ion Vidu”; prof. dr. Maria Gyuris; repertoriu coral pe voci egale;

Summary/Abstract: Articolul se referă la Concertul aniversar al Corului pe voci egale al Colegiului Naţional de Artă „Ion Vidu”, condus de prof. dr. Maria Gyuris, care a avut loc în cadrul Festivalului Coral Internaţional „Vox Mundi”, în mai 2018, la Timişoara. Cu această ocazie a fost prezentată, pe scurt, excepţionala activitate a dirijoarei pe parcursul a 30 de ani la pupitrul acestui ansamblu, care a aniversat şi el 50 de ani de existenţă.





SIMBIOZA DINTRE TRADIȚIE ȘI MODERNITATE ÎN CREAȚIA LUI TIBERIU OLAH ȘI ANATOL VIERU

(SIMBIOZA DINTRE TRADIȚIE ȘI MODERNITATE ÎN CREAȚIA LUI TIBERIU OLAH ȘI ANATOL VIERU)

Author(s): Olguţa Lupu – National University of Music, Bucharest

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: Tiberiu Olah; Anatol Vieru;

Summary/Abstract: Cuplurile tradiție-inovație, național-universal, circular-vectorial, clasic-romantic, sacru-profan etc. au format adesea binoame antinomice, stârnind tensiuni și conflicte aparent ireconciliabile. În fapt, conceptele perechi pot fi văzute ca noțiuni complementare, care acționează în interdependență și se alimentează reciproc. Mai mult decât atât, în cele mai multe cazuri granița dintre ele este dificil de trasat.





DESIGN ECOLOGIC. DESIGN ECOLOGIC-POLUEZ, DECI EXIST

(DESIGN ECOLOGIC. DESIGN ECOLOGIC-POLUEZ, DECI EXIST)

Author(s): Diana ANDREESCU – West University of Timisoara

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: design; ecologie; marketing; reciclar;

Summary/Abstract: Ecodesignul poate fi privit ca rezultatul unei diversități de procese și practici ce combină obiective utilitare și economice cu responsabilități etice, culturale și de mediu. "Ecodesignul reprezintă designul produselor prin aplicarea unor criterii ecologice care au drept scop prevenirea pierderilor și a emisiilor poluante, alături de minimizarea impactului asupra mediului și a duratei de viață a materialelor." (Van Weenan, 1995) "Ecodesignul reprezintă designul produselor prin aplicarea unor criterii ecologice care au drept scop prevenirea pierderilor și a emisiilor poluante, alături de minimizarea impactului asupra mediului și a duratei de viață a materialelor." (Van Weenan, 1995) Cuvinte





NEOLITICUL. O CĂLĂTORIE SIMBOLICĂ LA ÎNCEPUTURILE ARTEI

(NEOLITICUL. O CĂLĂTORIE SIMBOLICĂ LA ÎNCEPUTURILE ARTEI)

Author(s): Matei Gaspar – West University of Timisoara

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: neolitic; ceramică; figurină; antropomorf; zeiţă;

Summary/Abstract: Neoliticul reprezintă o perioadă- cheie pentru înțelegerea evoluției artei și spiritualității umane. În epoca neolitică, reprezentările nu mai sunt fidele realității, ci se conceptualizează, omenirea traversând o adevărată revoluție culturală. Ceramica reprezintă una dintre expresiile acestei revoluții, aducând împreună artisticul și funcționalul. Această revoluție culturală a adus cu sine și o revoluție religioasă, reductibilă la triada naștere-moarte-renaștere. Dovezile religioase au ca punct de convergență cultul feminității în ipostază maternă, fiind identificate patru categorii principale de zeități, simbolizând capacitatea de a da naștere a naturii, cea regeneratoare a naturii, cea distructivă, a patra categorie fiind reprezentată de zeitățile masculine, cu o pondere mai puțin însemnată. Figurile neolitice pot fi supuse unor interpretări alternative. Prin dimensiuni, ele pot fi considerate miniaturi care ar fi putut ajuta la clarificarea propriei identități și a celei de grup.





CLUSTERELE ÎN TURISM REPREZINTĂ VIITORUL

(CLUSTERELE ÎN TURISM REPREZINTĂ VIITORUL)

Author(s): Simona Biriescu– West University of Timisoara

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: cluster; turism; produs turistic; instrumente turistice;

Summary/Abstract: Oamenii călătoresc din mai multe motive: să-și dorească, să exploreze, să înțeleagă și să participe. Dar la bază se află destinația - locul pe care turistul vrea să-l împărtășească cu alții. Acest set de instrumente ajută destinațiile să pună în aplicare strategii și programe importante în turism. Deci, ne bazăm pe clustere. Organizațiile de gestionare a destinațiilor (DMO) sunt adesea singurele susținătoare a unui turism holistic și în acest rol asigură diminuarea impactului negativ al turismului asupra mediului, a mediului și comunităților locale, precum și împărtășirea oportunităților între oameni. De fapt, DMO ar putea servi cel mai bine pentru a facilita dialogul între sectorul privat, sectorul public, și alte părți interesate care ar putea să colaboreze, pentru a înțelege cum sunt sunt deciziile lor în turism. Datorită acestei capacități unice, DMO se dovedește a fi neprețuit pentru sprijinirea dezvoltării turismului, în special în dezvoltarea unei destinații, unde turismul este un important mecanism, dar și un mecanism economic pentru construirea unei capacități sociale echitabile, folosind clustere, baze de date și web design “turistic”.





ESTETICĂ ȘI DESIGN GRAFIC ÎN TURISM

(ESTETICĂ ȘI DESIGN GRAFIC ÎN TURISM)

Author(s): Simona Biriescu– West University of Timisoara

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: design grafic; DMO; turism; estetic;

Summary/Abstract: “Ştiinţa care studiază legile şi categoriile artei, considerată ca forma cea mai înaltă de creare şi de receptare a frumosului, ansamblu de probleme privitoare la esenţa artei, la raporturile ei cu realitatea, la metodele creaţiei artistice, la criteriile şi genurile artei”.Informatica este o artă când vorbim de design. Când vorbim despre artă vorbim de estetică, care înseamnă reflectare, contemplare, valorizare și făurirea unor trăsături specifice ale obiectelor și proceselor din natură, societate și conștiință ale unor creații omenești.





MUZICA - FACTOR IMPORTANT ÎN DEZVOLTAREA COGNITIVĂ INTRAUTERINĂ

(MUZICA - FACTOR IMPORTANT ÎN DEZVOLTAREA COGNITIVĂ INTRAUTERINĂ)

Author(s): Tatiana Hilca – National University of Music Bucharest

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: vibrație; sunet; inteligență muzicală; fetus; învățare;

Summary/Abstract: Prezenta lucrare vine să examineze din prisma cercetărilor realizate, influențele muzicii asupra fătului și beneficiile pe care muzica le aduce dezvoltării ființei umane. Obiectivul final al oricăror cercetări științifice de acest gen fiind acela de a crea o persoană completă din punct de vedere fizic, emoțional, intelectual și spirirtual; lucrarea se dorește astfel a fi un nou semnal de alarmă asupra influenței muzicii asupra creierului uman, în special în primele zile de viață după concepție. Simțul auditiv este nu numai unul dintre cele mai dezvoltate simțuri până la naștere dar este și unul dintre simțurile care contribuie într-o mare măsură la dezvoltarea și maturizarea sistemului nervos. Relevarea importanței efectelor muzicii asupra fătului se intrevede cu atât mai necesară cu cât domeniul rămâne deschis noilor descoperiri.





PEDAGOGIA VOCALĂ LA GRANIȚA DINTRE SECOLUL XX ȘI SECOLUL XXI

(PEDAGOGIA VOCALĂ LA GRANIȚA DINTRE SECOLUL XX ȘI SECOLUL XXI)

Author(s): Simona Daniela Negru– West University of Timisoara

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: pedagogie vocală; didactica cântului; tratate de canto, metode teoretico-practice de cânt; tehnică vocală;

Summary/Abstract: Tendinţa actuală a pedagogiei vocale este aşezarea principiilor tehnicii vocale pe baze ştiinţifice, pentru a contracara dimensiunea empirică a cântului, ce a generat „mituri” iraţionale, fără legătură cu realitatea anatomo-fiziologică a cântăreţului şi cu mecanismele funcţionale ale cântului. Chiar şi cercetarea ştiinţifică este restrictivă, într-un anume sens, întrucât, deşi defineşte şi explică fiecare acţiune şi mecanism în parte, nu ajută subiectul să controleze global toate elementele, fără a exacerba unul dintre acestea şi a dezechilibra ansamblul. In extremis, ştiinţa cântului rezidă tocmai în capacitatea cântăreţului de a păstra un echilibru perfect între părţile componente ale ansamblului (vocea, ca instrument muzical, este un ansamblu modular). Vocea cântată trebuie înţeleasă ca fiind un instrument muzical integrat în corpul cântăreţului, coordonat mental pe baza unor reflexe înnăscute, cu ajutorul unor deprinderi dobândite prin studiu, până când se ajunge la o identificare totală între minte şi corp, între gând şi cânt.





VOCEA ȘI SISTEMUL ENDOCRIN CONSIDERAȚII PRIVIND IMPACTUL PE CARE ÎL AU MODIFICĂRILE HORMONALE ASUPRA VOCII CÂNTATE LA FEMEI

(VOCEA ȘI SISTEMUL ENDOCRIN CONSIDERAȚII PRIVIND IMPACTUL PE CARE ÎL AU MODIFICĂRILE HORMONALE ASUPRA VOCII CÂNTATE LA FEMEI)

Author(s): Simona Daniela Negru– West University of Timisoara

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: voce; sistem endocrin; modificări hormonale; mutaţia vocii; sindrom premenstrual; menopauză;

Summary/Abstract: Pedagogia vocală contemporană trebuie să ţină seamă de factorii fiziologici care interferează cu activitatea aparatului fonator, influenţând nivelul prestaţiei vocale. Unii dintre aceşti factori ţin de sisteme ale organismului cu funcţionalităţi de bază distincte, care doar contribuie într-o anumită măsură, la realizarea fonaţiei, aşa cum este sistemul endocrin. Raportul între hormonii masculini şi cei feminini, dar şi modificările cantitative ale prezenţei acestor hormoni în corp determină anumite schimbări ale caracteristicilor vocii cântate, dar şi a calităţii şi acuităţii auzului, mai cu seamă în cazul vocilor feminine. Aceste modificări cu caracter temporar, cum sunt cele din timpul fazelor ciclului menstrual sau permanent, în cazul mutaţiei vocilor sau al menopauzei la femei au un impact deloc de neglijat asupra actului fonator. Obţinerea unei performanţe vocale la un standard ridicat este condiţionată de cunoaşterea acestor modificări şi de posibilitatea de a le controla.





EXIGENŢELE ARTEI INTERPRETATIVE PIANISTICE

(EXIGENŢELE ARTEI INTERPRETATIVE PIANISTICE)

Author(s): Silviana Ana Cirdu– West University of Timisoara

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: Arta pianistica; tehnica pianistica;

Summary/Abstract: Lucrarea îşi propune o prezentare succintă a câtorva dintre cele mai importante „norme de abordare” pe care o partitură le impune interpretului, pornind de la decodificarea mesajului pe care compozitorul a dorit să-l transmită prin intermediul discursului muzical, la redarea stilului lucrării, a stilului autorului acestuia şi, într-un sens mai larg, al epocii căreia îi aparţine. Spre deosebire de compozitori, interpreții sunt aceia care re-creează opera înscrisă în partitură





PREFACERILE DIN ULTIMII 80 DE ANI ALE DOINEI INSTRUMENTALE „DRAGOSTEA CA PE TESLUI” Partea I - Analiza piesei "Dragostea ca pe Teslui" - varianta vioristului Ilie Chirea

(PREFACERILE DIN ULTIMII 80 DE ANI ALE DOINEI INSTRUMENTALE „DRAGOSTEA CA PE TESLUI” Partea I - Analiza piesei "Dragostea ca pe Teslui" - varianta vioristului Ilie Chirea)

Author(s): Marius Ionut Stanciu – Craiova University

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: muzici tradiționale; etnomuzicologie; doină instrumentală; parlando-rubato; aksak;

Summary/Abstract: Textul de față reprezintă primul dintr-o serie de patru articole. Aceste patru lucrări urmăresc, după cum apare și în titlu, traseul diacronic al doinei instrumentale "Dragostea ca pe Teslui" prin compararea a trei versiuni ale acesteia. În acest text este analizată cea mai veche versiune a doinei instrumentale menționate anterior și aparține vioristului Ilie Chirea din comuna Iancu Jianu, județul Olt (înregistrat de către etnomuzicologul Constantin Brăiloiu între anii 1939-1941). La finalul celor patru articole vor fi trase concluzii generale referitoare la variație și la diferitele avataruri ale doinei instrumentale de dragoste "Ca pe Teslui" pe o durată de aproximativ 80 de ani.





CONGRESUL INTERNAȚIONAL DE MUZICOLOGIE ediția a 4-a, 26-27 Octombrie 2018, Timișoara

(CONGRESUL INTERNAȚIONAL DE MUZICOLOGIE ediția a 4-a, 26-27 Octombrie 2018, Timișoara)

Author(s): Veronica Laura Demenescu– West University of Timisoara

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life

Keywords: Congres international de Muzicologie; Timisoara;

Summary/Abstract: Societatea Internațională de Studii Muzicale din Timișoara a organizat în perioada 26-27 Octombrie 2018 cea de-a 4-a ediție a Congresului Internațional de Muzicologie, în parteneriat cu Academia Română – Filiala Timișoara, Uniunea Compozitorilor și Muzicologilor din România, Universitatea Națională de Muzică din București, Academia de Muzică Gheorghe Dima din Cluj Napoca, New Europe College, Academia de Muzică, Teatru și Arte Plastice din Chișinău.

2019





NEURODIDACTICS - A FIELD WITH MULTIPLE IMPLICATIONS IN MUSICAL EDUCATION

(NEURODIDACTICS - A FIELD WITH MULTIPLE IMPLICATIONS IN MUSICAL EDUCATION)

Author(s): Tatiana Hilca – National University of Music Bucharest

Language: English

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Psychology, Music, Developmental Psychology, Sociology of Art

Keywords: neurosciences; teaching; neurodidactics; education; learning;

Summary/Abstract: In the current socio-cultural background, we can feel an ever-growing enlargement of the range of tools one has available for engaging the demands and the reality of the modern world. Neurodidactics comprises the understanding of behavioural, emotional and cognitive manifestations. It is, therefore, one of the tools through which we try to attract all of the beneficial results attributed to neurosciences, in order to postulate them and to involve them in the didactic teaching and learning processes. This interdisciplinary area therefore attempts to establish some principles and solutions for more efficient means of teaching and learning, which are based on the studies of neurosciences.A brief incursion in this interdisciplinary domain – a concise analysis of its basic principles, of the canons postulated by various specialists in this field is therefore necessary as long as the benefits brought forth by this area of study in the teaching and learning processes have proven to be ever more efficient.





SCURTĂ PRIVIRE ASUPRA TRASEULUI PARCURS DE MUZICA ROMÂNEASCĂ DE LA ÎNCEPUTUL SECOLULUI XX - muzica dedicată corului de copii – partea I

(SCURTĂ PRIVIRE ASUPRA TRASEULUI PARCURS DE MUZICA ROMÂNEASCĂ DE LA ÎNCEPUTUL SECOLULUI XX - muzica dedicată corului de copii –partea I)

Author(s): Nicolaescu Ingrid – Ion Vidu Arts Highscool Timisoara

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Cultural history, Music

Keywords: Muzica Romaneasca; Muzica Corala; Cor de copii;

Summary/Abstract: Perioada de început a secolului XX este o perioadă agitată, în care apar, la nivel european, noi modalităţi de exprimare muzicală şi procedee, care duc la o altfel de realizare sonoră. Afirmarea tot mai pregnantă a specificului şi expresiei muzicii modale, datorită studiilor întreprinse de muzicologii şi cercetătorii ce au îmbrăţişat ideile promovate de Schola Cantorum precum şi aducerea în atenţia lumii muzicale a cântărilor populare europene, extraeuropene şi gregoriene vechi, influenţează şi muzica românească.





FRANZ LISZT, THE YEARS OF PILGRIMAGE AND MUSICAL TOURISM

(FRANZ LISZT, THE YEARS OF PILGRIMAGE AND MUSICAL TOURISM)

Author(s): Petruţa Maria Coroiu – Transilvania University Brasov

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Cultural history, Music

Keywords: piano; prilgrimaje; tourism; romanticism; style;





MUZICA BISERICEASCĂ ROMÂNEASCĂ – IMPORTANȚĂ, ORIGINI, ISTORIC

(MUZICA BISERICEASCĂ ROMÂNEASCĂ – IMPORTANȚĂ, ORIGINI, ISTORIC)

Author(s): Adrian Boba – West University of Timisoara

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Christian Theology and Religion, Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Music, History of Religion

Keywords: Cântarea bisericească ortodoxă; cântarea pe o singură voce- monodică; isonul; cântarea armonică; imnuri - psalmi;

Summary/Abstract: Românii atât ca popor cât și ca Biserică sunt cei mai vechi în aceste ținuturi răsăritene ale Europei. Faptul acesta, ca și situarea geografică în imediata apropiere a Bizanțului, precum și multiplele legături economice, culturale și religioase cu Bizanțul au făcut ca muzica bizantină nu numai să fie preluată în Biserica străromânilor și apoi a românilor, ci și să înregistreze un curs și o dezvoltare proprii. Alături de cântecul popular, cântarea bisericească a constituit al doilea izvor al fenomenului sonor muzical pe pământul românesc și o pârghie de nădejde în apărarea conștiinței etnice. Și, ceea ce este și mai important, e faptul că el a rămas fidel acestui filon muzical până astăzi. La frumusețea cultului nostru liturgic o contribuție esențială aduce cântarea bisericească ortodoxă specifică din punct de vedere melodico-modal și ideatic. Ea are o puternică forță de înrâurire asupra sufletului credincioșilor. “Cântarea bisericească ortodoxă este cea mai frumoasă visterie a Ortodoxiei, visterie care ne constituie mândria și ne defineșten esența noastră ortodoxă”.





DIMITRIE SUCEVEANU ȘI ROLUL SĂU ÎN APLICAREA REFORMEI HRISANTICE ÎN MOLDOVA

(DIMITRIE SUCEVEANU ȘI ROLUL SĂU ÎN APLICAREA REFORMEI HRISANTICE ÎN MOLDOVA)

Author(s): Ion Alexandru Ardereanu, Radu-Cosmin Bogdan - West University of Timisoara

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Christian Theology and Religion, Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Music, Eastern Orthodoxy

Keywords: Dimitrie Suceveanu; Moldova; Binzantina Music;

Summary/Abstract: This work evokes the personality of the great singer of Byzantine music Dimitrie Suceveanu as well as the role he played in imposing the reform of Christendom in Moldova, at the beginning of the 19th century.





MUZICA BISERICEASCĂ A SÂRBILOR DIN BANATUL ROMÂNESC – SCURTĂ RETROSPECTIVĂ ISTORICĂ (Sec. XVIII-XXI)

(MUZICA BISERICEASCĂ A SÂRBILOR DIN BANATUL ROMÂNESC – SCURTĂ RETROSPECTIVĂ ISTORICĂ (Sec. XVIII-XXI)

Author(s): Dejan POPOV – Independent Researcher

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Christian Theology and Religion, Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Music, Eastern Orthodoxy, History of Religion

Keywords: sârbi; Banat; muzică bisericeasca; coruri;

Summary/Abstract: Comunitatea ortodoxă sârbă din Banat se mândrește cu o lungă și bogată tradiție a cântului bisericesc, transmisă din generație în generație atât prin cântarea de strană, cât și prin activitatea de aproape două secole a corurilor bisericești. Eliberarea Banatului de sub dominație otomană în anul 1716 a determinat, printre altele, o revigorare a vieții bisericești și implicit, a serviciului religios sub toate aspectele sale. În prima parte a lucrării este descrisă evoluția muzicii bisericești sârbe din punct de vedere al cântului propriu-zis (al melodiilor cântate în cadrul serviciilor religioase) – atât a celui de strană cât și a celui coral. În continuare este expusă evoluția istorică a celor două componente ale cântului bisericesc, cu referire la diverse aspecte legate de acestea (modalitatea de învățare a cântului, grija autorităților bisericești de a asigura personal calificat, muzica corală ca fenomen de masă, etc.). Sunt evidențiați principalii exponenți ai cântului bisericesc al sârbilor din Banatul Românesc – cantori, profesori de cântări, melografi, dirijori, coruri. Concluziile lucrării sunt prezentate din perspectiva stării actuale a celor două componente.





CHRISTIAN MUSIC IN THE FIRST THREE CENTURIES AFTER CHRIST

(CHRISTIAN MUSIC IN THE FIRST THREE CENTURIES AFTER CHRIST)

Author(s): Lucian-Emil ROSCA - West University of Timisoara

Language: English

Subject(s): Christian Theology and Religion, Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Music, Eastern Orthodoxy, History of Religion

Keywords: church music; christian music; primary christianity;

Summary/Abstract: The article proposes to the reader a brief foray into the dawn of Christianity, focusing on the particularity of church music since then. Understanding the formation of Christian church music. Understanding church music from then on is extremely important for the study of its entire course afterwards when we want to approach its interpretation.





CREAȚIA CORALĂ DE FACTURĂ RELIGIOASĂ A COMPOZITORULUI SABIN DRAGOI

(CREAȚIA CORALĂ DE FACTURĂ RELIGIOASĂ A COMPOZITORULUI SABIN DRAGOI)

Author(s): Mircea STURZA – Babes Bolyai University Cluj Napoca

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Christian Theology and Religion, Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Music, Eastern Orthodoxy

Keywords: Armonie; liturghie; cor; melodie; folclor;

Summary/Abstract: Creaţia religioasă a lui Sabin Drăgoi demonstrează faptul ca autorul, dând dovadă de o nobilă inspiraţie şi de o rară originalitate, a reuşit să impresioneze şi să transmită acel fior sfânt sufletelor oamenilor. Cele trei liturghii reprezintă pentru muzica românească de cult, pagini de o inestimabilă valoare artistică, având la temelie teme pregnante care oscilează între tonal şi modal, din a căror prelucrare au rezultat pagini inestimabile de artă muzicală românească.





CONDACUL – CEA MAI COMPLEXĂ FORMĂ A POEZIEI IMNOGRAFICE BIZANTINE

(CONDACUL – CEA MAI COMPLEXĂ FORMĂ A POEZIEI IMNOGRAFICE BIZANTINE)

Author(s): Radu Bogdan - Independent Researcher

Language: Romanian

Subject(s): Christian Theology and Religion, Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Music, Systematic Theology, Eastern Orthodoxy

Keywords: condac; imnografie bizantină; melozi;

Summary/Abstract: Nota de originalitate a Sfântului Roman în imnografia bizantină o constituie dialogul, mai exact, adaptarea dialogului la genul poetic, întrepătrunderea perfectă dintre genul dramatic și cel liric. Sfântul Roman reușește să păstreze aceeași metrică, același număr de silabe, același refren, chiar dacă personajele sale vorbesc între ele. De asemenea, condacul ne propune să inițiem un dialog cu Dumnezeu, dar și să-L ascultăm pe Dumnezeu, Care ne vorbește mereu. Condacul rămâne, axul, punctul de sprijin pentru întreaga imnografie bizantină, un gen deosebit de complex, cel mai complex, deosebit de bogat în conținut teologic, de mari dimensiuni, un gen care a inspirat tot ceea ce a urmat după el.





STYLISTIC COORDINATES OF BEETHOVEN’S LANGUAGE

STYLISTIC COORDINATES OF BEETHOVEN’S LANGUAGE

Mihaela ITIGAN, Stela DRĂGULIN  - Transilvania University of Braşov

Transilvania University of Braşov

 

Abstract: Building a bridge between two important trends in musical stylistics, Ludwig van Beethoven leaves mankind, through his entire creation, a treasured cultural heritage. Valuable in terms of content, it will outline new musicological concepts, centering around the idea of freedom of expression. Urged by the new European wave of the epoch, it will give way to feelings, which will be translated through a musical language particularized in emotions and artistic experiences.

Key words: Ludwig van Beethoven, Musical Classicism, Music Stylistics





FEATURES OF THE COMPOSITIONAL LANGUAGE IN HENRYK GÓRECKI’S MISERERE

FEATURES OF THE COMPOSITIONAL LANGUAGE

IN HENRYK GÓRECKI’S MISERERE

Alexandra BELIBOU, Petruta Maria COROIU - Transilvania University of Braşov

 

Abstract: The social and political changes in Poland in the 1980s offered much more freedom to explore spirituality through art. Górecki wanted to reflect his catholic belief in minimalist sonorous creations. His effort to incorporate more folklore materials and religious texts in his musical creation is a conscious attempt to speak directly to the Polish people. Górecki’s music expresses his will to communicate in a Polish voice – dealing with Poland’s problems, rising with dignity above the difficulties of a dark past. Considering this, his work Miserere (1981), opus 44, which is the focus of this paper, must be examined in the context leading to its creation.

Key words: Contemporary Music, Polish Music, Henryk Górecki





INTRODUCERE ÎN STUDIUL ESTETIC AL MUZICII BIZANTINE. CÂTEVA REPERE BIBLIOGRAFICE

INTRODUCERE ÎN STUDIUL ESTETIC AL MUZICII BIZANTINE.

CÂTEVA REPERE BIBLIOGRAFICE

Ion - Alexandru ARDEREANU – West Univerity of Timisoara

Abstract: Prezentul articol face o scurtă inscursiune în cercetarea estetică a muzicii bizantine. Domeniu nou, ce a început să se dezvolte abia în secolul al XX – lea, estetica muzicii bizantine cuprinde câteva volume bibliografice fundamentale cvasinecunoscute muzicologiei românești care aici sunt prezentate succint.

Key words: muzică bizantină, estetica muzicii bizantine, estetică muzicală





MUZICA BISERICEASCĂ ORTODOXA DIN BANAT PRIVITĂ DIN PERSPECTIVA OSMOZEI CULTURALE BALCANICE

MUZICA BISERICEASCĂ ORTODOXA DIN BANAT PRIVITĂ

DIN PERSPECTIVA OSMOZEI CULTURALE BALCANICE

Veronica – Laura DEMENESCU, Ion – Alexandru ARDEREANU,

Adrian – Călin BOBA - West Univerity of Timisoara, Aurel Vlaicu University of Arad

Abstract: Lucrarea de față prezintă succint caracteristicile muzicii bisericești ortodoxe din zona de vest a României, arătând totodată legăturile acesteia cu muzica bisericii sârbe, cu care în fap creează un tot unitar. Totodată sunt prezentate două studii de caz privitoare la unitatea reală a variantelor muzicale bisericești din vestul țării cu cea a Bisericii Ortodoxe Sârbe, aceste fapt fiind un excelent exemplu de osmoză culturlă balcanică.

Key words: Banat, Bisericea Ortodoxă Română, Muzica bisericească ortodoxă, Muzică bisericească din Banat





SCURTĂ PRIVIRE ASUPRA TRASEULUI PARCURS DE MUZICA ROMÂNEASCĂ DE LA ÎNCEPUTUL SECOLULUI XX

SCURTĂ PRIVIRE ASUPRA TRASEULUI PARCURS

DE MUZICA ROMÂNEASCĂ DE LA ÎNCEPUTUL SECOLULUI XX

- muzica dedicată corului de copii – partea a II-a

Ingrid NICOLAESCU – Ion Vidu Highschool Timisoara

 

Abstract: Creaţia corală românească, una dintre laturile importante ale afirmării artistice a poporului român, merge pe direcţia tradiţiei iniţiate de compozitorii români încă din secolul trecut. Alături de celelalte dimensiuni ale creaţiei româneşti şi creaţia corală preia elemente caracteristice marilor epoci muzicale universale (baroc, clasic, romantic, impresionist) într-un mod creator. Articolul de față își propune o incursiune în istoria muzicii corale românești din secolul al XX – lea, concentrându-se pe repertoriul dedicat corului de copii.

Key words: Istoria Muzicii Românești, Muzică corală românească, Cor de copii.





STYLISTIC AND INTERPRETATIVE VOICE REFERENCES IN THE WORK OF W.A.MOZART

STYLISTIC AND INTERPRETATIVE VOICE REFERENCES IN THE WORK OF W.A.MOZART

 

Edith Georgiana ADETU – Transilvania Univerity Brasov

 

Abstract: The definition of the opera, framing all its successful ways of expression, represents the incarnation of facts, feelings and characters in history and the human soul. The great musicians of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries perceived the value of this musical genre, frequently approaching it, but very few were those who managed to give emotion at the expense of fame, vibrating alongside the purity of creation. The unity of this genre has allowed the rise of an inner reverberation, a utopian glow, perhaps, populating an entire universe. Therefore, it is easy to understand the difficulty involved in addressing this genre, as well as the triumph of those blessed with the boldness needed for the solemnity of creation. 

Key words: Mozart, opera, style, vocal, character.





CONSIDERAȚII ASUPRA ASPECTELOR TEHNICO-INTERPRETATIVE ALE ROLULUI ABIGAIL DIN OPERA NABUCCO DE G. VERDI

CONSIDERAȚII ASUPRA ASPECTELOR  TEHNICO-INTERPRETATIVE

ALE ROLULUI ABIGAIL DIN OPERA NABUCCO DE G. VERDI

 

Silvia Sorina MUNTEANU – West University of Timisoara

Abstract. Abigail from Nabucco by Giuseppe Verdi is considered by the majority of musicians and critics a like, as beingone of most difficult and at the same time extremely dangerous roles.

Two of the main reasons why Abigail characterison the list of most difficult vocal roles are: the extremely demanding melodic lines with vocal jumps of up to two octaves and the extreme character and behavior of Abigail. The aggressiveness present in almost every scene, reveal intense intermittent dramatic feelings of rage, jealousy, hate, sadness, mean joy and despair.

Key words: drammatic soprano, Nabucco, Abigail, difficult, agility





VIER LETZTE LIEDER DE RICHARD STRAUSS

VIER LETZTE LIEDER DE RICHARD STRAUSS

Silvia Sorina MUNTEANU – West University of Timisoara

 

Abstract. The last works of Richard Strauss, “Vier Letzte Lieder”, opulent by the geniality of the orchestration, by the complex melos and not least by the beauty of the poems chosen, constituted in a cycle of a rare elegance and creativity, crowning a vocal-chamber creation from above 200 works.

Key words: Strauss, Vier letzte Lieder, Lieduri, songs, postromantic, orchestra, soprano, Joseph von Eichendorff, Hermann Hesse





THE TRANSFORMATIONS OF THE INSTRUMENTAL DOINA “DRAGOSTEA CA PE TESLUI” IN THE LAST 80 YEARS Part II – Analysis of the song “Dragostea ca pe Teslui” – violinist Gică Chirea’s version

THE TRANSFORMATIONS OF THE INSTRUMENTAL DOINA  “DRAGOSTEA CA PE TESLUI” IN THE LAST 80 YEARS Part II – Analysis of the song “Dragostea ca pe Teslui” –  violinist Gică Chirea’s version

Marius-Ionuț STANCIU – Craiova University

 

Abstract: This is the second of a four-article series started in the previous issue of RevArt. These four papers follow, as the title shows, the diachronic path of the instrumental doina “Dragostea ca pe Teslui” by comparing three of its versions. This text analyses violinist Gică Chirea’s version, son of fiddler Ilie Chirea. At the end of the four articles, general conclusions will be drawn about variation and the various avatars of the instrumental love doina “Dragostea ca pe Teslui” over a period of about 80 years.

Keywords: traditional music, ethnomusicology, instrumental doina, parlando-rubato, aksak.

 





MUSICAL CREATION BETWEEN ARCHETYPE, TRADITION AND CONTEMPORANEITY MAIN STRATEGIES IN COMPOSITION TOWARDS ARCHETYPAL TRANS-REALISM- Part 1

MUSICAL CREATION BETWEEN ARCHETYPE, TRADITION AND CONTEMPORANEITY MAIN STRATEGIES IN COMPOSITION TOWARDS ARCHETYPAL TRANS-REALISM- Part 1

Mihaela VOSGANIAN – National University of Music Bucharest

 

Abstract. This study is dedicated to my main strategies in composition related to the correlation with the idea of tradition towards the new aesthetic that I founded and I called the Archetypal Trans-Realism.

The introduction gives an overview on Romanian composers and their folklore-oriented works (from George Enescu onwards). The paper focuses on three personal directions in composition, namely: 1. exploring traditional resources (both Romanian and universal), 2. archetypal and  spiritual multi-level approachand 3. archetypal trans-realism.

The study centres on some of my related works – the ongoing cycle-Interferences, the pieces involving a spiritual approach – the oratorio Jesus with a Thousand Arms or The Path of the Human Angel (dramatic or orchestral version) and four of the trans-real syncretic works–Dynamic Meditation,White Lady’s Power Places, the opera The Dreamer Awake and the  Shamanic Prologue.

This study is a guide for soloists and performers in generalto a new aesthetic orientation, the archetypal trans-realism, which offers a perspective on discovering the potential of artas a source of self-development and spiritual growth.

Keywords: Archetype, Tradition, Contemporaneity, Strategies in composition, Archetypal Trans-realism

 





ARTA CONCEPTUALĂ SAU ULTIMA AVANGARDĂ A SECOLULUI AL XX-LEA

ARTA CONCEPTUALĂ SAU ULTIMA AVANGARDĂ A SECOLULUI AL XX-LEA

Liviu NEDELCU – University of Galați

Abstract: Revizitarea succintă a istoriei artei conceptuale și punctarea ideilor - cheie care au stat la baza reconfigurării definiției naturii artei, a procesului de producție și a obiectului artistic au ca scop investigarea moștenirii artei conceptuale, identificarea formelor hibride pe care conceptualismul le-a luat și prezentarea discuției polemice asupa succesului artei conceptuale. În această întreprindere, urmăresc o serie de texte, de expoziții cu ecou atât din America de Nord, cât și din Europa Centrală și de Est înainte și post ’89, pentru a releva demersuri ale artei conceptuale.

Key words: artă conceptuală, conceptualism, vizualitate, dematerializare operă de artă, situaționism internațional, derivă, deturnare

 





CIZELAREA IMAGINII / OPEREI DETERMINATĂ DE CERINȚELE SOCIALE

CIZELAREA IMAGINII / OPEREI DETERMINATĂ DE CERINȚELE SOCIALE

Răzvan – Constantin CATARNASE, Răzvan – Petrișor DRAGOȘ - Ovidius University of Constanta

 

Abstract: Din Antichitatea europeană dată și până în Postmodernismul ambilicat, peisajul artistic a avut în atenție numeroase tematici și subiecte tratate în diverse viziuni sau concepții artistice unice. Teme majore precum conflagrația, moravurile epocii, despotismul (de pildă: bonapartismul, stalinismul etc.), absolutismul, îndeobște exercitarea unor execese ale autorităților sau în egală măsură a mediului ecleziastic, au edificat enunțuri plastice cu valoare artistică și intens mesaj social.

Fără drept de echivoc, putem socoti afișul sau chiar ilustrația ca fiind repere-vedetă în atributul de artă militantă. Un exemplu colosal în privința exercițiului combatant îl indică instaurarea tiparului, pentru că doar prin gravură s-a putut obține un semnificativ reviriment. Timp de câteva secole, gravura a fost un partizan incalculabil în exploatarea și diseminarea imaginilor și ideilor întreprinse.

Key words: Artă socialistă; cerințe sociale; diseminare mesaj; grafică/gravură militantă; ideologie social-comunistă; imagine eroică; proletcultism; propagandă